Heat-Flux Measurements for the Rotor of a Full-Stage Turbine: Part I—Time-Averaged Results

[+] Author and Article Information
M. G. Dunn

Calspan–UB Research Center, Buffalo, NY 14225

J. Turbomach 108(1), 90-97 (Jul 01, 1986) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3262029 History: Received January 13, 1986; Online November 09, 2009


This paper describes time-averaged heat-flux distributions obtained for the blade of a Garrett TFE 731-2 hp full-stage rotating turbine. Blade measurements were obtained both with and without injection. The injected gas was supplied from a separate reservoir and was directed into the turbine gas path via nozzle guide vane (NGV) pressure surface slots located at approximately 63 percent of the wetted distance. Blade heat-flux measurements were performed for two different injection gas temperatures, T c /T 0 = 0.53 and T c /T 0 = 0.82. A shock tube is used as a short-duration source of heated air to which the turbine is subjected and thin-film gages are used to obtain the heat-flux measurements. Results are presented along the blade in the flow direction at 10, 50, and 90 percent span for both the pressure and suction surfaces. A sufficient number of measurements were obtained to also present span-wise distributions. At approximately the 50 percent span location, two contoured inserts containing closely spaced gages were installed in the blade so that the leading-edge region distribution could be resolved in detail. The blade results are compared with predictions obtained using a flat-plate technique and with predictions obtained using a version of STAN 5. The results suggest that: (1) The suction surface laminar flat-plate prediction is in reasonable agreement with the data from the stagnation point up to approximately 10 percent of the wetted distance. Beyond 10 percent, the laminar prediction falls far below the data and the turbulent flat-plate prediction falls above the data by about 60 percent. The laminar portion of the STAN 5 prediction as configured for the present calculation does not provide good comparison with the data. However, the turbulent flat-plate boundary-layer portion of STAN 5 does provide reasonably good comparison with the data. On the pressure surface, the turbulent flat-plate prediction is in good agreement with the data, but the laminar flat-plate and the STAN 5 predictions fall far low. (2) The influence of upstream NGV injection is to significantly increase the local blade heat flux in the immediate vicinity of the leading edge; i.e., up to 20 percent wetted distance on the suction surface and up to 10 percent on the pressure surface. (3) The effect on local heat flux of increasing the coolant-gas temperature was generally less than 10 percent.

Copyright © 1986 by ASME
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