Three-Dimensional Flows and Loss Reduction in Axial Compressors

[+] Author and Article Information
Y. Dong, S. J. Gallimore, H. P. Hodson

Whittle Laboratory, Cambridge University, Cambridge, United Kingdom

J. Turbomach 109(3), 354-361 (Jul 01, 1987) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3262113 History: Received February 11, 1986; Online November 09, 2009


Measurements have been performed in a low-speed high-reaction single-stage axial compressor. Data obtained within and downstream of the rotor, when correlated with the results of other investigations, provide a link between the existence of suction surface–hub corner separations, their associated loss mechanisms, and blade loading. Within the stator, it has been shown that introducing a small clearance between the stator blade and the stationary hub increases the efficiency of the stator compared to the case with no clearance. Oil flow visualizaton indicated that the leakage reduced the extensive suction surface–hub corner separation that would otherwise exist. A tracer gas experiment showed that the large radial shifts of the surface streamlines indicated by the oil flow technique were only present close to the blade. The investigation demonstrates the possible advantages of including hub clearance in axial flow compressor stator blade rows.

Copyright © 1987 by ASME
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