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RESEARCH PAPERS

The Measurement of Boundary Layers on a Compressor Blade in Cascade: Part 3—Pressure Surface Boundary Layers and the Near Wake

[+] Author and Article Information
S. Deutsch, W. C. Zierke

The Applied Research Laboratory, The Pennsylvania State University, State College, PA 16804

J. Turbomach 110(1), 146-152 (Jan 01, 1988) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3262160 History: Received February 24, 1987; Online November 09, 2009

Abstract

Using the facility described in Part 1 [23], 11 detailed velocity and turbulence intensity profiles are obtained on the pressure surface of a double circular arc compressor blade in cascade. Two profiles are obtained in the near wake. Laminar boundary layer profiles, which agree well with profiles calculated from Falkner–Skan theory at the local pressure gradient, persist through 57.2 percent chord. The measurements indicate that the onset of transition occurs near 60 percent chord—a value in good agreement with the sublimation flow visualization studies (see Part 1). The lack of a logarithmic region in the data measured at the last chord position (97.9 percent chord) indicates that transition is not complete. The thin laminar boundary layers near the leading edge lead to some measurement problems, which are characterized by large turbulence intensities, in using the laser-Doppler velocimeter (LDV). Close examination of this problem shows that a combination of velocity-gradient broadening and a vibration of the LDV measurement volume causes an elevation of the measured turbulence levels. Fortunately only small errors in mean velocity are introduced. Because of the detached boundary layer on the suction surface, both of the near-wake velocity profiles exhibit regions of backflow. As expected, these near-wake velocity profiles do not exhibit similarity when tested against criteria derived for the far wake.

Copyright © 1988 by ASME
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