Preswirl Blade-Cooling Effectiveness in an Adiabatic Rotor–Stator System

[+] Author and Article Information
Z. B. El-Oun, J. M. Owen

Thermo-Fluid Mechanics Research Centre, School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton, BN1 9QT, United Kingdom

J. Turbomach 111(4), 522-529 (Oct 01, 1989) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3262303 History: Received September 15, 1987; Online November 09, 2009


Blade-cooling air for a high-pressure turbine is often supplied from preswirl nozzles attached to a stationary casing. By swirling the cooling air in the direction of rotation of the turbine disk, the temperature of the air relative to the blades can be reduced. The question addressed in this paper is: Knowing the temperatures of the preswirl and disk-cooling flows, what is the temperature of the blade-cooling air? A simple theoretical model, based on the Reynolds analogy applied to an adiabatic rotor–stator system, is used to calculate the preswirl effectiveness (that is, the reduction in the temperature of the blade-cooling air as a result of preswirling the flow). A mixing model is used to account for the “contamination” of the blade coolant with disk-cooling air, and an approximate solution is used to estimate the effect of frictional heating on the disk-cooling air. Experiments were conducted in a rotor–stator rig that had preswirl nozzles in the stator and blade-cooling passages in the rotating disk. A radial outflow or inflow of disk-cooling air was also supplied, and measurements of the temperature difference between the preswirl and blade-cooling air were made for a range of flow rates and for rotational Reynolds numbers up to Reθ = 1.8 × 106 . Considering the experimental errors in measuring the small temperature differences, good agreement between theory and experiment was achieved.

Copyright © 1989 by ASME
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