A Parametric Study of Radial Turbomachinery Blade Design in Three-Dimensional Subsonic Flow

[+] Author and Article Information
W. S. Ghaly

Mechanical Engineering Department, Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

J. Turbomach 112(3), 338-345 (Jul 01, 1990) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2927665 History: Received January 17, 1989; Online June 09, 2008


An aerodynamic design method is described and used to implement a parametric study of radial turbomachinery blade design in three-dimensional subsonic flow. Given the impeller hub and shroud, the number of blades and their stacking position, the design method gives the detailed blade shape, flow, and pressure fields that would produce a prescribed tangentially averaged swirl schedule. The results from that study show that decreasing the number of blades increases the blade wrap, and that the blade loading is strongly affected by the rate of change of mean swirl along the mean streamlines. The results also show that the blade shape and the pressure field are rather sensitive to the prescribed mean swirl schedule, which suggests that, by carefully tailoring the swirl schedule, one might be able to control the blade shape and the pressure field and hence secondary flow.

Copyright © 1990 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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