Effect of Incidence on Wall Heating Rates and Aerodynamics on a Film-Cooled Transonic Turbine Blade

[+] Author and Article Information
C. Camci

The Pennsylvania State University, Aerospace Engineering Department, University Park, PA 16802

T. Arts

The von Karman Institute for Fluid Dynamics, Turbomachinery Department, Rhode Saint Genese, Belgium

J. Turbomach 113(3), 493-501 (Jul 01, 1991) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2927901 History: Received January 11, 1990; Online June 09, 2008


This study investigates the influence of incidence on convective heat transfer to highly curved surfaces of a film-cooled turbine rotor blade. A computational study of free-stream inviscid aerodynamics without cooling at various incidences is followed by well-documented measured heat transfer data sets. The heat transfer experiments are discussed for cases with and without film cooling, performed under realistic gas turbine flow conditions in the short-duration heat transfer facility of the von Karman Institute for Fluid Dynamics. The precise location of the stagnation point and the iso-Mach number contours in the passage for each incidence (−10, 0, 10, +15 deg) are presented for a nominal exit Mach number of 0.94. The free-stream mass flow rate was kept constant for each experiment at different incidence levels. Three rows of compound angled discrete cooling holes are located near the leading edge in a showerhead configuration. Two rows of staggered discrete cooling holes are located on the suction side and a single row of cooling holes is located on the pressure side. The short-duration measurements of quantitative wall heat fluxes on nearly isothermal blade surfaces both in the presence and absence of coolant ejection are presented. The study indicated that the change of the position of the stagnation point strongly altered the aerodynamic behavior and convective heat transfer to the blade in approximately the first 30 percent of both the pressure side and the suction side in the presence and absence of film cooling. The immediate vicinity of the stagnation point was not significantly affected by changing incidence without cooling. Transitional behavior both on the suction surface and on the pressure surface was significantly influenced by the changes in approaching flow direction. Flow separation associated with incidence variations was also observed. Extremely low levels of the convective heat transfer coefficients were experienced near the regions where small separation bubbles are located.

Copyright © 1991 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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