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RESEARCH PAPERS

Local Heat Transfer in Turbine Disk Cavities: Part II—Rotor Cooling With Radial Location Injection of Coolant

[+] Author and Article Information
R. S. Bunker, D. E. Metzger, S. Wittig

Lehrstuhl und Institut für Thermische Strömungsmaschinen, Universität Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, Federal Republic of Germany

J. Turbomach 114(1), 221-228 (Jan 01, 1992) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2927989 History: Received January 13, 1990; Online June 09, 2008

Abstract

Detailed radial distributions of rotor heat transfer coefficients are presented for three basic disk-cavity geometries applicable to gas turbines. The experimental apparatus has been designed to obtain local heat transfer data on a number of easily interchangeable rotor surfaces. The method employs thin thermochromic liquid crystal coatings upon the rotor surfaces together with video system data acquisition and computer-assisted image analysis to detect surface color display and to extract heat transfer information. A thermally transient, aerodynamically steady technique is used, which attains consistent thermal boundary conditions over the entire disk cavity. Cooling air is introduced into the disk cavity via a single circular jet mounted perpendicularly into the stator at one of the three radial locations: 0.4, 0.6, or 0.8 times the rotor radius. Rotor heat transfer coefficients have been obtained over a range of parameters including disk rotational Reynolds numbers of 2 to 5 × 105 , rotor/stator hub spacing-to-disk radius ratios of 0.025 to 0.15, and jet mass flow rates between 0.10 and 0.40 times the turbulent pumped flow rate of a free disk. The rotor surfaces include a parallel rotor-stator system, a rotor with 5 percent diverging taper, and a similarly tapered rotor with a rim sealing lip at its extreme radius. Results are presented showing the effects of the parallel rotor, which indicate strong variations in local Nusselt numbers for all but rotational speed. These results are compared to associated hub injection data of Part I of this study, demonstrating that overall rotor heat transfer is optimized by either hub injection or radial location injection of coolant dependent upon the configuration. Results with the use of the tapered rotor show significant variations in local Nusselt number compared with those of the parallel rotor, while the addition of a rim sealing lip appears to increase the Nusselt number level.

Copyright © 1992 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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