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RESEARCH PAPERS

Laser Velocimeter Measurements in a Centrifugal Pump With a Synchronously Orbiting Impeller

[+] Author and Article Information
R. J. Beaudoin

General Electric Co., Schenectady, NY 12345

S. M. Miner

U.S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD 21402

R. D. Flack

Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22901

J. Turbomach 114(2), 340-349 (Apr 01, 1992) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2929148 History: Received January 15, 1990; Online June 09, 2008

Abstract

Velocity profiles were measured in the impeller of a centrifugal pump with a two-directional laser velocimeter. Blade-to-blade profiles were measured at four circumferential positions and four radii within and one outside the four-bladed impeller. Data are presented herein at two circumferential and three radial locations. The pump was tested in two configurations; with the impeller running centered within the pump, and with the impeller orbiting with a synchronous motion (ε/r2 = 0.016). Variation in velocity profiles among the individual passages in the orbiting impeller were found. At design flow rate, these variations ranged from 30 to 60 percent for the radial component, and 15 to 25 percent for the tangential component. Tangential velocity profiles near the impeller exit (r/r2 = 0.973) were near uniform across each individual passage. Differences in the magnitude of the exit tangential velocities among the passages however, were detected. Systematic differences in the velocity profile shapes of the centered and orbiting impellers were in general not measured, the only exception being at r/r2 = 0.973 at 40 percent of the design flow rate. At this condition, two distinct radial velocity profiles were measured. Two of the impeller passages of the orbiting impeller contained a recirculation region covering 20-30 percent of the blade passage while the other two passages contained no recirculation region. The centered impeller also contained this region of reverse flow. Finally, velocity data were numerically integrated to find the forces and stiffnesses due to momentum fluxes on the impeller for the orbiting condition.

Copyright © 1992 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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