Comparison of Time-Resolved Turbine Rotor Blade Heat Transfer Measurements and Numerical Calculations

[+] Author and Article Information
R. S. Abhari, G. R. Guenette, A. H. Epstein, M. B. Giles

Gas Turbine Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139

J. Turbomach 114(4), 818-827 (Oct 01, 1992) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2928035 History: Received March 04, 1991; Online June 09, 2008


Time-resolved turbine rotor blade heat transfer data are compared with ab initio numerical calculations. The data were taken on a transonic, 4-to-1 pressure ratio, uncooled, single-stage turbine in a short-duration turbine test facility. The data consist of the time history of the heat transfer distribution about the rotor chord at midspan. The numerical calculation is a time accurate, two-dimensional, thin shear layer, multiblade row code known as UNSFLO. UNSFLO uses Ni’s Lax-Wendroff algorithm, conservative boundary conditions, and a time tilting algorithm to facilitate the calculation of the flow in multiple blade rows of arbitrary pitch ratio with relatively little computer time. The version used for this work had a simple algebraic Baldwin-Lomax turbulence model. The code is shown to do a good job of predicting the quantitative time history of the heat flux distribution. The wake/boundary layer and transonic interaction regions for suction and pressure surfaces are identified and the shortcomings of the current algebraic turbulence modeling in the code are discussed. The influence of hardware manufacturing tolerance on rotor heat transfer variation is discussed. A physical reasoning explaining the discrepancies between the unsteady measurement and the calculations for both the suction and pressure surfaces are given, which may be of use in improving future calculations and design procedures.

Copyright © 1992 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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