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RESEARCH PAPERS

Incidence Angle and Pitch–Chord Effects on Secondary Flows Downstream of a Turbine Cascade

[+] Author and Article Information
A. Perdichizzi

Dipartimento di Meccanica, Università di Brescia, 25060, Brescia, Italy

V. Dossena

Dipartimento di Energetica, Politecnico di Milano, 20100, Milano, Italy

J. Turbomach 115(3), 383-391 (Jul 01, 1993) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2929265 History: Received February 11, 1992; Online June 09, 2008

Abstract

This paper describes the results of an experimental investigation of the three-dimensional flow downstream of a linear turbine cascade at off-design conditions. The tests have been carried out for five incidence angles from −60 to +35 deg, and for three pitch-chord ratios: s/c = 0.58, 0.73, 0.87. Data include blade pressure distributions, oil flow visualizations, and pressure probe measurements. The secondary flow field has been obtained by traversing a miniature five-hole probe in a plane located at 50 percent of an axial chord downstream of the trailing edge. The distributions of local energy loss coefficients, together with vorticity and secondary velocity plots, show in detail how much the secondary flow field is modified both by incidence and by cascade solidity variations. The level of secondary vorticity and the intensity of the crossflow at the endwall have been found to be strictly related to the blade loading occurring in the blade entrance region. Heavy changes occur in the spanwise distributions of the pitch-averaged loss and of the deviation angle, when incidence or pitch–chord ratio is varied.

Copyright © 1993 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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