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RESEARCH PAPERS

Experimental Study on the Three-Dimensional Flow Within a Compressor Cascade With Tip Clearance: Part I—Velocity and Pressure Fields

[+] Author and Article Information
S. Kang, C. Hirsch

Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Department of Fluid Mechanics, 1050 Brussel, Belgium

J. Turbomach 115(3), 435-443 (Jul 01, 1993) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2929270 History: Received February 20, 1992; Online June 09, 2008

Abstract

Experimental results from a study of the three-dimensional flow in a linear compressor cascade with stationary endwall at design conditions are presented for tip clearance levels of 1.0, 2.0, and 3.3 percent of chord, compared with the no-clearance case. In addition to five-hole probe measurements, extensive surface flow visualizations are conducted. It is observed that for the smaller clearance cases a weak horseshoe vortex forms in the front of the blade leading edge. At all the tip gap cases, a multiple tip vortex structure with three discrete vortices around the midchord is found. The tip leakage vortex core is well defined after the midchord but does not cover a significant area in traverse planes. The presence of the tip leakage vortex results in the passage vortex moving close to the endwall and the suction side.

Copyright © 1993 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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