Experimental and Computational Investigation of the NASA Low-Speed Centrifugal Compressor Flow Field

[+] Author and Article Information
M. D. Hathaway

U. S. Army Research Laboratory, Cleveland, OH 44135

R. M. Chriss, J. R. Wood, A. J. Strazisar

NASA Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, OH 44135

J. Turbomach 115(3), 527-541 (Jul 01, 1993) (15 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2929285 History: Received February 20, 1992; Online June 09, 2008


An experimental and computational investigation of the NASA Low-Speed Centrifugal Compressor (LSCC) flow field has been conducted using laser anemometry and Dawes’ three dimensional viscous code. The experimental configuration consists of a backswept impeller followed by a vaneless diffuser. Measurements of the three-dimensional velocity field were acquired at several measurement planes through the compressor. The measurements describe both the throughflow and secondary velocity field along each measurement plane. In several cases the measurements provide details of the flow within the blade boundary layers. Insight into the complex flow physics within centrifugal compressors is provided by the computational analysis, and assessment of the CFD predictions is provided by comparison with the measurements. Five-hole probe and hot-wire surveys at the inlet and exit to the rotor as well as surface flow visualization along the impeller blade surfaces provide independent confirmation of the laser measurement technique. The results clearly document the development of the throughflow velocity wake, which is characteristic of unshrouded centrifugal compressors.

Copyright © 1993 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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