Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer Measurements in Transitional Boundary Layers Conditionally Sampled on Intermittency

[+] Author and Article Information
J. Kim

Department of Engineering, University of Denver, Denver, CO 80208

T. W. Simon

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455

M. Kestoras

ISITEM, Laboratory de Thermocinetique, University of Nantes, Nantes, France

J. Turbomach 116(3), 405-416 (Jul 01, 1994) (12 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2929427 History: Received September 01, 1993; Online June 09, 2008


An experimental investigation of transition on a flat-plate boundary layer was performed. Mean and turbulence quantities, including turbulent heat flux, were sampled according to the intermittency function. Such sampling allows segregation of the signal into two types of behavior—laminarlike and turbulentlike. Results show that during transition these two types of behavior cannot be thought of as separate Blasius and fully turbulent profiles, respectively. Thus, simple transition models in which the desired quantity is assumed to be an average, weighted on intermittency, of the laminar and fully turbulent values may not be entirely successful. Deviation of the flow identified as laminarlike from theoretical laminar behavior is due to a slow recovery after the passage of a turbulent spot, while deviation of the flow identified as turbulentlike from fully turbulent characteristics is possibly due to an incomplete establishment of the fully turbulent power spectral distribution. Measurements were taken for two levels of free-stream disturbance—0.32 and 1.79 percent. Turbulent Prandtl numbers for the transitional flow, computed from measured shear stress, turbulent heat flux, and mean velocity and temperature profiles, were less than unity.

Copyright © 1994 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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