Measurement of Compressible Flow Pressure Losses in Wye-Junctions

[+] Author and Article Information
N. I. Abou-Haidar

Department of Engineering, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom

S. L. Dixon

Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom

J. Turbomach 116(3), 535-541 (Jul 01, 1994) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2929442 History: Received February 14, 1992; Online June 09, 2008


This paper considers the compressible flow pressure losses in sharp-cornered wye-junctions with symmetric branches under dividing and combining flow conditions. Determination of the additional total pressure losses occurring in flow through several three-leg junctions, using dry air as the working fluid, has been made experimentally. Results covering a wide speed range up to choking are presented for 30, 60, and 90 deg wye-junctions. Separate flow visualization schlieren tests detected the presence of normal shock waves, located at up to one duct diameter downstream of the junction, and therefore confirmed the choking of the flow at the vena contracta. The highest attainable Mach number (M3 ) of the averaged whole flow was 0.9 for one of the dividing flow geometries and 0.65 for several of the combining flow cases. These values of M3 were the maximum possible and hence represent a limiting condition dictated by choking. In general, the compressible flow loss coefficients, caused by the presence of the wye-junctions, can be expected to be higher for dividing flows and lower for combining flows than would be the case for incompressible flows because of the influence of Mach number, M3 .

Copyright © 1994 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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