Flow Pattern and Heat Transfer in a Closed Rotating Annulus

[+] Author and Article Information
D. Bohn, G. H. Dibelius, E. Deuker, R. Emunds

Institute of Steam and Gas Turbines, Technical University Aachen, Aachen, Federal Republic of Germany

J. Turbomach 116(3), 542-547 (Jul 01, 1994) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2929443 History: Received February 04, 1992; Online June 09, 2008


The prediction of the temperature distribution in a gas turbine rotor containing gasfilled closed cavities, for example between two disks, has to account for the heat transfer conditions encountered inside these cavities. In an entirely closed annulus no forced convection is present, but a strong natural convection flow occurs induced by a nonuniform density distribution in the centrifugal force field. A computer code has been developed and applied to a rotating annulus with square cross section as a base case. The co-axial heat flux from one side wall to the other was modeled assuming constant temperature distribution at each wall but at different temperature levels. Additionally the inner and outer walls were assumed to be adiabatic. The code was first verified for the annulus approaching the plane square cavity in the gravitational field, i.e., the ratio of the radius r over the distance h between outer and inner cylindrical wall was set very large. The results obtained agree with De Vahl Davis’ benchmark solution. By reducing the inner radius to zero, the results could be compared with Chew’s computation of a closed rotating cylinder, and again good agreement was found. Parametric studies were carried out varying the Grashof number Gr, the rotational Reynolds number Re, and the r/h ratio, i.e., the curvature of the annulus. A decrease of this ratio at constant Gr and Re number results in a decrease of heat transfer due to the Coriolis forces attenuating the relative gas velocity. The same effect can be obtained by increasing the Re number with the h/r ratio and the Gr number being constant. By inserting radial walls into the cavity the influence of the Coriolis forces is reduced, resulting in an increase of heat transfer.

Copyright © 1994 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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