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RESEARCH PAPERS

Darryl E. Metzger Memorial Session Paper: Comparison of Calculated and Measured Heat Transfer Coefficients for Transonic and Supersonic Boundary-Layer Flows

[+] Author and Article Information
C. Hürst, A. Schulz, S. Wittig

Lehrstuhl und Institut für Thermische Strömungsmaschinen, Universität Karlsruhe (T.H.), Karlsruhe, Federal Republic of Germany

J. Turbomach 117(2), 248-254 (Apr 01, 1995) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2835653 History: Received February 15, 1994; Online January 29, 2008

Abstract

The present study compares measured and computed heat transfer coefficients for high-speed boundary layer nozzle flows under engine Reynolds number conditions (U∞ =230 ÷ 880 m/s, Re* = 0.37 ÷ 1.07 × 106 ). Experimental data have been obtained by heat transfer measurements in a two-dimensional, nonsymmetric, convergent–divergent nozzle. The nozzle wall is convectively cooled using water passages. The coolant heat transfer data and nozzle surface temperatures are used as boundary conditions for a three-dimensional finite-element code, which is employed to calculate the temperature distribution inside the nozzle wall. Heat transfer coefficients along the hot gas nozzle wall are derived from the temperature gradients normal to the surface. The results are compared with numerical heat transfer predictions using the low-Reynolds-number k–ε turbulence model by Lam and Bremhorst. Influence of compressibility in the transport equations for the turbulence properties is taken into account by using the local averaged density. The results confirm that this simplification leads to good results for transonic and low supersonic flows.

Copyright © 1995 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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