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RESEARCH PAPERS

Flow Between Contrarotating Disks

[+] Author and Article Information
X. Gan, M. Kilic, J. M. Owen

School of Mechanical Engineering, University of Bath, Bath BA2 7AY, United Kingdom

J. Turbomach 117(2), 298-305 (Apr 01, 1995) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2835659 History: Received March 10, 1993; Online January 29, 2008

Abstract

The paper describes a combined experimental and computational study of laminar and turbulent flow between contrarotating disks. Laminar computations produce Batchelor-type flow: Radial outflow occurs in boundary layers on the disks and inflow is confined to a thin shear layer in the midplane; between the boundary layers and the shear layer, two contrarotating cores of fluid are formed. Turbulent computations (using a low-Reynolds-number k–ε turbulence model) and LDA measurements provide no evidence for Batchelor-type flow, even for rotational Reynolds numbers as low as 2.2 × 104 . While separate boundary layers are formed on the disks, radial inflow occurs in a single interior core that extends between the two boundary layers; in the core, rotational effects are weak. Although the flow in the core was always found to be turbulent, the flow in the boundary layers could remain laminar for rotational Reynolds numbers up to 1.2 × 105 . For the case of a superposed outflow, there is a source region in which the radial component of velocity is everywhere positive; radially outward of this region, the flow is similar to that described above. Although the turbulence model exhibited premature transition from laminar to turbulent flow in the boundary layers, agreement between the computed and measured radial and tangential components of velocity was mainly good over a wide range of nondimensional flow rates and rotational Reynolds numbers.

Copyright © 1995 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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