Factors Affecting Measured Axial Compressor Tip Clearance Vortex Circulation

[+] Author and Article Information
S. A. Khalid

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139

J. Turbomach 117(3), 487-490 (Jul 01, 1995) (4 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2835685 History: Received July 01, 1994; Online January 29, 2008


The relationship between turbomachinery blade circulation and tip clearance vortex circulation measured experimentally is examined using three-dimensional viscous flow computations. It is shown that the clearance vortex circulation one would measure is dependent on the placement of the fluid contour around which the circulation measurement is taken. Radial transport of vorticity results in the magnitude of the measured clearance vortex circulation generally being less than the blade circulation. For compressors, radial transport of vorticity shed from the blade tip in proximity to the endwall is the principal contributor to the discrepancy between the measured vortex circulation and blade circulation. Further, diffusion of vorticity shed at the blade tip toward the endwall makes it impossible in most practical cases to construct a fluid contour around the vortex that encloses all, and only, the vorticity shed from the blade tip. One should thus not expect agreement between measured tip clearance vortex circulation and circulation around the blade.

Copyright © 1995 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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