Darryl E. Metzger Memorial Session Paper: Surface Heat Transfer From a Three-Pass Blade Cooling Passage Simulator

[+] Author and Article Information
M. K. Chyu, V. Natarajan

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213

J. Turbomach 117(4), 650-656 (Oct 01, 1995) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2836584 History: Received February 15, 1994; Online January 29, 2008


Using an analogous mass transfer system based on naphthalene sublimation, the present research focuses on investigating the local heat transfer characteristics from three-pass smooth and turbulated blade cooling passages. To simulate the actual passage geometry, the test model is incorporated with trapezoidal cross sections including variable passage sizes. Measured local mass transfer results reveal strong evidence of velocity redistribution over the trapezoidal flow area. Elevated mass transfer always exists in the vicinity of a sharp turn. However, in the present study, one of the most notable mass transfer increases is perceived in the third pass, downstream to the second turn, where the flow area is reduced severely. Overall, the combined effects of the three-pass and two sharp turns virtually double the mass transfer as compared to its straight counterpart with fully developed, turbulent flow. With a pitch-to-height ratio equal to 10 and 90 deg orientation, the rib turbulators produce approximately an additional 30 percent of overall mass transfer enhancement in comparison to the smooth case. Locally, rib-induced enhancement varies with different surfaces and passes. The greatest enhancement lies on the first pass, about 40 percent; the other two passes are comparable, less than 20 percent.

Copyright © 1995 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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