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RESEARCH PAPERS

Darryl E. Metzger Memorial Session Paper: The Streamwise Development of Görtler Vortices in a Favorable Pressure Gradient

[+] Author and Article Information
M. V. Finnis, A. Brown

School of Engineering and Applied Science, Royal Military College of Science, Cranfield University, Shrivenham, Swindon, United Kingdom

J. Turbomach 118(1), 162-171 (Jan 01, 1996) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2836597 History: Received February 15, 1994; Online January 29, 2008

Abstract

Measurements are presented of the streamwise velocity variation within a laminar boundary layer on a concave surface of 4 m radius of curvature for which the free-stream velocity gradient factor (ν/U0 2 )dU0 /dx was approximately 1 × 10−6 . The stream velocity variation was consistent with the presence of counterrotating vortices resulting from the Görtler instability. The vortices exhibited exponential growth over the streamwise extent of the measurements to a disturbance amplitude of approximately 13 percent of the local free-stream velocity. The vortex growth rates were found to be less than those for a zero velocity gradient factor, indicating that a favorable pressure gradient stabilizes the flow with respect to the Görtler instability. Boundary layer profiles at local upwash and downwash positions are compared with the linear theory for which the mean flow was modeled using the Pohlhausen approximation to the solution of the boundary layer equations. The agreement between the measured and predicted profiles indicates that the linear stability theory can provide a fair approximation to the small amplitude growth of the Görtler instability.

Copyright © 1996 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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