Turbulent Flow Between Two Disks Contrarotating at Different Speeds

[+] Author and Article Information
M. Kilic, X. Gan, J. M. Owen

School of Mechanical Engineering, University of Bath, Claverton Down, Bath, United Kingdom

J. Turbomach 118(2), 408-413 (Apr 01, 1996) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2836656 History: Received February 09, 1994; Online January 29, 2008


This paper describes a combined computational and experimental study of the turbulent flow between two contrarotating disks for −1 ≤ Γ ≤ 0 and Reφ ≈ 1.2 × 106 , where Γ is the ratio of the speed of the slower disk to that of the faster one and Reφ is the rotational Reynolds number. The computations were conducted using an axisymmetric elliptic multigrid solver and a low-Reynolds-number k–ε turbulence model. Velocity measurements were made using LDA at nondimensional radius ratios of 0.6 ≤ x ≤ 0.85. For Γ = 0, the rotor–stator case, Batchelor-type flow occurs: There is radial outflow and inflow in boundary layers on the rotor and stator, respectively, between which is an inviscid rotating core of fluid where the radial component of velocity is zero and there is an axial flow from stator to rotor. For Γ = −1, antisymmetric contrarotating disks, Stewartson-type flow occurs with radial outflow in boundary layers on both disks and inflow in the viscid nonrotating core. At intermediate values of Γ , two cells separated by a streamline that stagnates on the slower disk are formed: Batchelor-type flow and Stewartson-type flow occur radially outward and inward, respectively, of the stagnation streamline. Agreement between the computed and measured velocities is mainly very good, and no evidence was found of nonaxisymmetric or unsteady flow.

Copyright © 1996 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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