Time-Accurate Euler Simulation of Interaction of Nozzle Wake and Secondary Flow With Rotor Blade in an Axial Turbine Stage Using Nonreflecting Boundary Conditions

[+] Author and Article Information
S. Fan, B. Lakshminarayana

Center for Gas Turbine and Power, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA

J. Turbomach 118(4), 663-678 (Oct 01, 1996) (16 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2840922 History: Received March 02, 1995; Online January 29, 2008


The objective of this paper is to investigate the three-dimensional unsteady flow interactions in a turbomachine stage. A three-dimensional time-accurate Euler code has been developed using an explicit four-stage Runge–Kutta scheme. Three-dimensional unsteady nonreflecting boundary conditions are formulated at the inlet and the outlet of the computational domain to remove the spurious numerical reflections. The three-dimensional code is first validated for two-dimensional and three-dimensional cascades with harmonic vortical inlet distortions. The effectiveness of the nonreflecting boundary conditions is demonstrated. The unsteady Euler solver is then used to simulate the propagation of nozzle wake and secondary flow through the rotor and the resulting unsteady pressure field in an axial turbine stage. The three-dimensional and time-dependent propagation of nozzle wakes in the rotor blade row and the effects of nozzle secondary flow on the rotor unsteady surface pressure and passage flow field are studied. It was found that the unsteady flow field in the rotor is highly three dimensional and the nozzle secondary flow has significant contribution to the unsteady pressure on the blade surfaces. Even though the steady flow at the midspan is nearly two dimensional, the unsteady flow is three dimensional and the unsteady pressure distribution cannot be predicted by a two-dimensional analysis.

Copyright © 1996 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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