Evaluation of the Interaction Losses in a Transonic Turbine HP Rotor/LP Vane Configuration

[+] Author and Article Information
I. K. Jennions

G. E. Aircraft Engines, Cincinnati, OH 44135

J. J. Adamczyk

NASA Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, OH 44135

J. Turbomach 119(1), 68-76 (Jan 01, 1997) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2841012 History: Received March 07, 1995; Online January 29, 2008


Transonic turbine rotors produce shock waves, wakes, tip leakage flows, and other secondary flows that the downstream stators have to ingest. While the physics of wake ingestion and shock interaction have been studied quite extensively, few ideas for reducing the aerodynamic interaction losses have been forthcoming. This paper aims to extend previously reported work performed by GE Aircraft Engines in this area. It reports on both average-passage (steady) and unsteady three-dimensional numerical simulations of a candidate design to shed light on the interaction loss mechanisms and evaluate the design. The results from these simulations are first shown against test data for a baseline configuration to engender confidence in the numerical approach. Simulations with the proposed newly designed rotor are then performed to show the trade-offs that are being made in such designs. The new rotor does improve the overall efficiency of the group and physical explanations are presented based on examining entropy production.

Copyright © 1997 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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