Flow Characteristics and Aerodynamic Losses of Film-Cooling Jets With Compound Angle Orientations

[+] Author and Article Information
Sang Woo Lee, Yong Beom Kim

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kum-Oh National University of Technology, Kumi, Kyungbook, Republic of Korea

Joon Sik Lee

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea

J. Turbomach 119(2), 310-319 (Apr 01, 1997) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2841114 History: Received February 27, 1995; Online January 29, 2008


Oil-film flow visualizations and three-dimensional flow measurements using a five-hole probe have been conducted to investigate the flow characteristics and aerodynamic loss distributions of film-cooling jets with compound angle orientations. For a fixed inclination angle of the injection hole, measurements are performed at various orientation angles to the direction of the mainstream in the case of three velocity ratios of 0.5, 1.0, and 2.0. Flow visualizations for the velocity ratio of 2.0 show that the increase in the orientation angle furnishes better film coverage on the test surface, but gives rise to large flow disturbances in the mainstream. A near-wall flow model has been proposed based on the surface flow visualizations. It has also been found from the flow measurements that as the orientation angle increases, a pair of count-errotating vortices turn to a single strong one, and the aerodynamic loss field is closely related to the secondary flow. Even in the case of the velocity ratio of 2.0, aerodynamic loss is produced within the jet region when the orientation angle is large. Regardless of the velocity ratio, the mass-averaged aerodynamic loss increases with increasing orientation angle, the effect of which on aerodynamic loss is pronounced when the velocity ratio is large.

Copyright © 1997 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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