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RESEARCH PAPERS

The Effect of Vortex Shedding on the Unsteady Pressure Distribution Around the Trailing Edge of a Turbine Blade

[+] Author and Article Information
G. Cicatelli, C. H. Sieverding

von Karman Institute, Ch. de Waterloo, 72, Rhode St. Genèse, Belgium

J. Turbomach 119(4), 810-819 (Oct 01, 1997) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2841192 History: Received February 01, 1996; Online January 29, 2008

Abstract

The wakes behind turbine blade trailing edges are characterized by large-scale periodic vortex patterns known as the von Karman vortex street. The failure of steady-state Navier–Stokes calculations in modeling wake flows appears to be mainly due to ignoring this type of flow instabilities. In an effort to contribute to a better understanding of the time-varying wake flow characteristics behind turbine blades, VKI has performed large-scale turbine cascade tests to obtain very detailed information about the steady and unsteady pressure distribution around the trailing edge of a nozzle guide vane. Tests are run at an outlet Mach number of M2,is , = 0.4 and a Reynolds number of ReC = 2 × 106 . The key to the high spatial resolution of the pressure distribution around the trailing edge is a rotatable trailing edge with an embedded miniature pressure transducer underneath the surface and a pressure slot opening of about 1.5 deg of the trailing edge circle. Signal processing allowed differentiation between random and periodic pressure fluctuations. Ultrashort schlieren pictures help in understanding the physics behind the pressure distribution.

Copyright © 1997 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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