Validation of a Nonlinear Unsteady Aerodynamic Simulator for Vibrating Blade Rows

[+] Author and Article Information
T. C. Ayer, J. M. Verdon

United Technologies Research Center, Theoretical & Computational Fluid Dynamics, East Hartford, CT 06108

J. Turbomach 120(1), 112-121 (Jan 01, 1998) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2841372 History: Received February 01, 1996; Online January 29, 2008


A time-accurate Euler/Navier–Stokes analysis is applied to predict unsteady subsonic and transonic flows through a vibrating cascade. The intent is to validate this nonlinear analysis along with an existing linearized inviscid analysis via result comparisons for unsteady flows that are representative of those associated with blade flutter. The time-accurate analysis has also been applied to determine the relative importance of nonlinear and viscous effects on blade response. The subsonic results reveal a close agreement between inviscid and viscous unsteady blade loadings. Also, the unsteady surface pressure responses are essentially linear, and predicted quite accurately using a linearized inviscid analysis. For unsteady transonic flows, shocks and their motions cause significant nonlinear contributions to the local unsteady response. Viscous displacement effects tend to diminish shock strength and impulsive unsteady shock loads. For both subsonic and transonic flows, the energy transfer between the fluid and the structure is essentially captured by the first-harmonic component of the nonlinear unsteady solutions, but in transonic flows, the nonlinear first-harmonic and the linearized inviscid responses differ significantly in the vicinity of shocks.

Copyright © 1998 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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