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RESEARCH PAPERS

1995 ASME Gas Turbine Award Paper: Development and Application of a Multistage Navier–Stokes Solver: Part I—Multistage Modeling Using Bodyforces and Deterministic Stresses

[+] Author and Article Information
C. M. Rhie, A. J. Gleixner, D. A. Spear, C. J. Fischberg, R. M. Zacharias

Pratt & Whitney, United Technologies Corporation, East Hartford, CT 06118

J. Turbomach 120(2), 205-214 (Apr 01, 1998) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2841395 History: Received March 15, 1995; Online January 29, 2008

Abstract

A multistage compressor performance analysis method based on the three-dimensional Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equations is presented in this paper. This method is an average passage approach where deterministic stresses are used to ensure continuous physical properties across interface planes. The average unsteady effects due to neighboring blades and/or vanes are approximated using deterministic stresses along with the application of bodyforces. Bodyforces are used to account for the “potential” interaction between closely coupled (staged) rows. Deterministic stresses account for the “average” wake blockage and mixing effects both axially and radially. The attempt here is to implement an approximate technique for incorporating periodic unsteady flow physics that provides for a robust multistage design procedure incorporating reasonable computational efficiency. The present paper gives the theoretical development of the stress/bodyforce models incorporated in the code, and demonstrates the usefulness of these models in practical compressor applications. Compressor performance prediction capability is then established through a rigorous code/model validation effort using the power of networked workstations. The numerical results are compared with experimental data in terms of one-dimensional performance parameters such as total pressure ratio and circumferentially averaged radial profiles deemed critical to compressor design. This methodology allows the designer to design from hub to tip with a high level of confidence in the procedure.

Copyright © 1998 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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