Stator Performance and Unsteady Loading in Transonic Compressor Stages

[+] Author and Article Information
M. Durali, J. L. Kerrebrock

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139

J. Turbomach 120(2), 224-232 (Apr 01, 1998) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2841397 History: Received June 20, 1995; Revised July 01, 1996; Online January 29, 2008


The structure and behavior of wakes from a transonic compressor rotor and their effect on the loading and performance of the downstream stator have been investigated experimentally. The rotor was 23.25 inches in diameter with a measured tip Mach number of 1.23 and a pressure ratio of 1.66. Time and space-resolved measurements have been completed of the rotor and stator outflow, as well of the pressure distribution on the surface of the stator blades. It was found that the wakes from this rotor have large flow angle and flow Mach number variations from the mean flow, significant pressure fluctuations, and a large degree of variation from hub to tip. There was a significant total pressure defect and practically no static pressure variation associated with the stator wakes. Wakes from the rotor exist nearly undiminished in the exit flow of the stator and decay in the annular duct behind the stator. The pressure at all points along the chord over each of the stator blades’ surfaces fluctuated nearly in phase in response to the rotor wakes, that is the unsteady chordwise pressure distribution is determined mainly by the change in angle of incidence to the blade and not by the local velocity fluctuations within the passage. The unsteady forces on the stator blades, induced by the rotor wakes, were as high as 25 percent of the steady forces, and lagged the incidence of the wakes on the leading edge by approximately 180 deg at most radii.

Copyright © 1998 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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