0
RESEARCH PAPERS

Simulation and Validation of Mach Number Effects on Secondary Flow in a Transonic Turbine Cascade Using a Multigrid, k–ε Solver

[+] Author and Article Information
M. Koiro, B. Lakshminarayana

Center for Gas Turbines and Power, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802

J. Turbomach 120(2), 285-297 (Apr 01, 1998) (13 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2841405 History: Received February 01, 1996; Online January 29, 2008

Abstract

An existing three-dimensional Navier–Stokes flow solver with an explicit Runge–Kutta algorithm and a low-Reynolds-number k–ε turbulence model has been modified in order to simulate turbomachinery flows in a more efficient manner. The solver has been made to converge more rapidly through use of the multigrid technique. Stability problems associated with the use of multigrid in conjunction with two-equation turbulence models are addressed and techniques to alleviate instability are investigated. Validation for the new code was performed with a transonic turbine cascade tested by Perdichizzi. In the fully three-dimensional turbulent cascade, real convergence (i.e., CPU time) was improved nearly two times the original code. Robustness was enhanced with the full multigrid initialization procedure. The same test case was then used to perform a series of simulations that investigated the effect of different exit Mach numbers on secondary flow features. This permitted an in-depth study into the mechanisms of secondary flow formation and secondary losses at high Mach numbers. In this cascade, it was found that secondary losses and secondary flow deviation, which are fairly constant in incompressible flows with similar geometries, underwent a large reduction in the compressible flow range. The structure of the trailing edge shock system and the reduced end wall boundary layer at supersonic exit conditions were shown to be very significant in reducing the amount of secondary flow and losses.

Copyright © 1998 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Figures

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In