Heat Transfer in a Two-Pass Internally Ribbed Turbine Blade Coolant Channel With Cylindrical Vortex Generators

[+] Author and Article Information
R. G. Hibbs, S. Acharya, Y. Chen, D. E. Nikitopoulos, T. A. Myrum

Mechanical Engineering Department, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803

J. Turbomach 120(3), 589-600 (Jul 01, 1998) (12 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2841757 History: Received February 01, 1996; Online January 29, 2008


The effect of vortex generators on the mass (heat) transfer from the ribbed passage of a two-pass turbine blade coolant channel is investigated with the intent of optimizing the vortex generator geometry so that significant enhancements in mass/heat transfer can be achieved. In the experimental configuration considered, ribs are mounted on two opposite walls; all four walls along each pass are active and have mass transfer from their surfaces but the ribs are nonparticipating. Mass transfer measurements, in the form of Sherwood number ratios, are made along the centerline and in selected interrib modules. Results are presented for Reynolds number in the range of 5000 to 40,000, pitch to rib height ratios of 10.5 and 21, and vortex generator-rib spacing to rib height ratios of 0.55 and 1.5. Centerline and spanwise-averaged Sherwood number ratios are presented along with contours of the Sherwood number ratios. Results indicate that the vortex generators lead to substantial increases in the local mass transfer rates, particularly along the side walls, and modest increases in the average mass transfer rates. The vortex generators have the effect of making the interrib profiles along the ribbed walls more uniform. Along the side walls, vortices that characterize the vortex generator wake are associated with significant mass transfer enhancements. The wake effects and the levels of enhancement decrease somewhat with increasing Reynolds number and decreasing pitch.

Copyright © 1998 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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