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RESEARCH PAPERS

Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop in Pin-Fin Trapezoidal Ducts

[+] Author and Article Information
J.-J. Hwang, D.-Y. Lai, Y.-P. Tsia

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Chung-Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan 300

J. Turbomach 121(2), 264-271 (Apr 01, 1999) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2841310 History: Received February 01, 1998; Online January 29, 2008

Abstract

Experiments are conducted to determine the log-mean averaged Nusselt number and overall pressure-drop coefficient in a pin-fin trapezoidal duct that models the cooling passages in modern gas turbine blades. The effects of pin arrangement (in-line and staggered), flow Reynolds number (6,000 ≦ Re ≦ 40,000) and ratio of lateral-to-total flow rate (0 ≦ ε ≦ 1.0) are examined. The results of smooth trapezoidal ducts without pin arrays are also obtained for comparison. It is found that, for the single-outlet-flow duct, the log-mean averaged Nusselt number in the pin-fin trapezoidal duct with lateral outlet is insensitive to the pin arrangement, which is higher than that in straight-outlet-flow duct with the corresponding pin array. As for the trapezoidal ducts having both outlets, the log-mean averaged Nusselt number has a local minimum value at about ε = 0.3. After about ε ≧ 0.8, the log-mean averaged Nusselt number is nearly independent of the pin configuration. Moreover, the staggered pin array pays more pressure-drop penalty as compared with the in-line pin array in the straight-outlet-flow duct; however, in the lateral-outlet-flow duct, the in-line and staggered pin arrays yield almost the same overall pressure drop.

Copyright © 1999 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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