Effects of Tip Clearance and Casing Recess on Heat Transfer and Stage Efficency in Axial Turbines

[+] Author and Article Information
A. A. Ameri

AYT Corporation, Brook Park, OH 44142

E. Steinthorsson

Institute for Computational Mechanics in Propulsion (ICOMP), NASA Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, OH 44135

D. L. Rigby

NYMA, Inc., NASA Lewis Group, Cleveland, OH 44135

J. Turbomach 121(4), 683-693 (Oct 01, 1999) (11 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2836720 History: Received February 01, 1998; Online January 29, 2008


Calculations were performed to assess the effect of the tip leakage flow on the rate of heat transfer to blade, blade tip, and casing. The effect on exit angle and efficiency was also examined. Passage geometries with and without casing recess were considered. The geometry and the flow conditions of the GE-E3 first-stage turbine, which represents a modern gas turbine blade, were used for the analysis. Clearance heights of 0, 1, 1.5, and 3 percent of the passage height were considered. For the two largest clearance heights considered, different recess depths were studied. There was an increase in the thermal load on all the heat transfer surfaces considered due to enlargement of the clearance gap. Introduction of recessed casing resulted in a drop in the rate of heat transfer on the pressure side, but the picture on the suction side was found to be more complex for the smaller tip clearance height considered. For the larger tip clearance height, the effect of casing recess was an orderly reduction in the suction side heat transfer as the casing recess height was increased. There was a marked reduction of heat load and peak values on the blade tip upon introduction of casing recess; however, only a small reduction was observed on the casing itself. It was reconfirmed that there is a linear relationship between the efficiency and the tip gap height. It was also observed that the recess casing has a small effect on the efficiency but can have a moderating effect on the flow underturning at smaller tip clearances.

Copyright © 1999 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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