Mach Number Effects on Turbine Blade Transition Length Prediction

[+] Author and Article Information
R. J. Boyle, F. F. Simon

NASA Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, OH 44135

J. Turbomach 121(4), 694-702 (Oct 01, 1999) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2836722 History: Received February 01, 1998; Online January 29, 2008


The effect of a Mach number correction on a model for predicting the length of transition was investigated. The transition length decreases as the turbulent spot production rate increases. Many of the data for predicting the spot production rate come from low-speed flow experiments. Recent data and analysis showed that the spot production rate is affected by Mach number. The degree of agreement between analysis and data for turbine blade heat transfer without film cooling is strongly dependent on accurately predicting the length of transition. Consequently, turbine blade heat transfer data sets were used to validate a transition length turbulence model. A method for modifying models for the length of transition to account for Mach number effects is presented. The modification was made to two transition length models. The modified models were incorporated into the two-dimensional Navier–Stokes code, RVCQ3D. Comparisons were made between predicted and measured midspan surface heat transfer for stator and rotor turbine blades. The results showed that accounting for Mach number effects significantly improved the agreement with the experimental data.

Copyright © 1999 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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