0
TECHNICAL PAPERS

On the Development and Application of the Fast-Response Aerodynamic Probe System in Turbomachines—Part 2: Flow, Surge, and Stall in a Centrifugal Compressor

[+] Author and Article Information
Christian Roduner, Peter Kupferschmied, Pascal Köppel, Georg Gyarmathy

Turbomachinery Laboratory, Institute of Energy Technology, ETH—Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, 8092 Zurich, Switzerlande-mail: http://www.lsm.iet.ethz.ch/lsm/

J. Turbomach 122(3), 517-526 (Feb 01, 1999) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1303827 History: Received February 01, 1999
Copyright © 2000 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Traupel, W., 1988, Thermische Turbomaschinen I, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, p. 307.
Dean,  R. C., and Senoo,  Y., 1960, “Rotating Wakes in Vaneless Diffusers,” ASME J. Basic Eng., 82, No. 3, pp. 563–574.
Eckardt,  D., 1975, “Instantaneous Measurements in the Jet-Wake Discharge Flow of a Centrifugal Compressor Impeller,” ASME J. Eng. Power, 97, No. 3, pp. 337–346.
Inoue,  M., and Cumpsty,  N. A., 1984, “Experimental Study of Centrifugal Impeller Discharge Flow in Vaneless and Vaned Diffusers,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 106, No. 2, pp. 455–467.
Bammert, K., and Rautenberg, M., 1974, “On the Energy Transfer in Centrifugal Compressors,” ASME Paper No. 74-GT-121.
Runstadler, Jr., P. W., and Dolan, F. X., 1975, “Design, Development, and Test of a Laser Velocimeter for High Speed Turbomachinery,” Proc. LDA-Symposium, Copenhagen.
Eckardt,  D., 1976, “Detailed Flow Investigations Within a High-Speed Centrifugal Compressor Impeller,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 98, No. 3, pp. 390–402.
Krain,  H., 1981, “A Study on Centrifugal Impeller and Diffuser Flow,” ASME J. Eng. Power, 103, No. 4, pp. 688–697.
Hathaway,  M. D., Chriss,  R. M., Wood,  J. R., and Strazisar,  A. J., 1993, “Experimental and Computational Investigation of the NASA Low-Speed Centrifugal Compressor Flow Field,” ASME J. Turbomach., 115, pp. 527–542.
Dean,  R. C., and Young,  L. R., 1977, “The Time Domain of Centrifugal Compressor and Pump Stability and Surge,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 99, No. 1, pp. 53–63.
Kämmer, N., and Rautenberg, M., 1982, “An Experimental Investigation of Rotating Stall Flow in a Centrifugal Compressor,” ASME Paper No. 82-GT-82.
Ng,  W. F., and Epstein,  A. H., 1985, “Unsteady Losses in Transonic Compressors,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 107, No. 2, pp. 345–353.
Walbaum, M., and Riess, W., 1998, “Einfluss der Leitschaufel-verstellung auf die Entwicklungsformen des Rotating Stall in mehrstufigen Verdichtern,” VDI Berichte 1425.
Kupferschmied,  P., Köppel,  P., Roduner,  C., and Gyarmathy,  G., 2000, “On the Development and Application of the Fast-Response Aerodynamic Probe System for Turbomachines—Part 1: The Measurement System,” ASME J. Turbomach., 122, pp. 505–516.
Hunziker, R., 1993, “Einfluss der Diffusorgeometrie auf die Instabilitätsgrenze des Radialverdichters,” PhD thesis No. 10252, ETH Zürich, Switzerland.
Ribi, B., 1996, “Radialverdichter im Instabilitätsbereich,” Dissertation ETH No. 11717, ETH Zürich, Switzerland.
Greitzer,  E. M., 1981, “The Stability of Pumping Systems,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 103, pp. 193–242.
Hunziker,  R., and Gyarmathy,  G., 1994, “The Operational Stability of a Centrifugal Compressor and Its Dependence on the Characteristics of the Subcomponents,” ASME J. Turbomach., 116, pp. 250–269.
Ribi, B., and Gyarmathy, G., 1993, “Impeller Rotating Stall as a Trigger for the Transition From Mild Surge to Deep Surge in a Subsonic Centrifugal Compressor,” ASME Paper No. 93-GT-234.
Köppel,  P., Roduner,  C., Kupferschmied,  P., and Gyarmathy,  G., 2000, “On the Development and Application of the Fast-Response Aerodynamic Probe System for Turbomachines—Part 3: Comparison of Averaging Methods Applied to Centrifugal Compressor Measurements,” ASME J. Turbomach., 122, 527–536.
DIN 1952, 1982, “Durchflussmessung mit Blenden, Düsen und Venturirohren in voll durchströmten Rohren mit Kresisquerschnitt,” Beuth Verlag GmbH, Berlin, Germany.
Roduner,  C., Köppel,  P., Kupferschmied,  P., and Gyarmathy,  G., 1999, “Comparison of Measurement Data at the Impeller Exit of a Centrifugal Compressor Measured With Both Pneumatic and Fast-Response Probes,” ASME J. Turbomach., 121, pp. 609–618.
Stahlecker, D., and Gyarmathy, G., 1998, “Investigations of Turbulent Flow in a Centrifugal Compressor Vaned Diffuser by 3-Component Laser Velocimetry,” ASME Paper No. 98-GT-300.
Ribi,  B., and Gyarmathy,  G., 1999, “Energy Input of a Centrifugal Stage Into the Attached Piping System During Mild Surge,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 121, pp. 325–334.
Jansen,  W., 1964, “Rotating Stall in a Radial Vaneless Diffuser,” ASME J. Basic Eng., 86, No. 4, pp. 750–758.
Kämmer, N., and Rautenberg, M., 1982, “An Experimental Investigation of Rotating Stall Flow in a Centrifugal Compressor,” ASME Paper No. 82-GT-82.
Kupferschmied, P., 1998, “Zur Methodik zeitaufgelöster Messungen mit Strömungssonden in Verdichter und Turbinen,” Dissertation ETH No. 12774, ETH Zürich, Switzerland.
Stahlecker, D., Casartelli, E., and Gyarmathy, G., 1998, “Secondary Flow Field Measurements With a LDV in the Vaned Diffuser of a High-Subsonic Centrifugal Compressor,” 9th International Symposium on Application of Laser Techniques to Fluid Mechanics, Lisabon.
Gizzi, W., Roduner, C., Stahlecker, D., Köppel, P., and Gyarmathy, G., 1999, “Time Resolved Measurements With Fast-Response Probes and Laser-Doppler-Velocimetry at the Impeller Exit of a Centrifugal Compressor—A Comparison of Two Measurements Techniques,” Proc. 3rd European Conference on Turbomachinery, London.
Gyarmathy, G., 1996, “Impeller-Diffuser Momentum Exchange During Rotating Stall,” ASME Paper No. 96-WA/PID-6.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Cross-sectional view of the centrifugal compressor with probe locations
Grahic Jump Location
As in Fig. 18, but measured at the diffuser exit (position IX, r*=1.70)
Grahic Jump Location
Class-averaged Cr variation during rotating stall, measured at midchannel at diffuser inlet and outlet, plotted over one RS period (RS, Mu=0.4,z/b=0.48)
Grahic Jump Location
Same as in Fig. 20, showing the class-averaged total and static pressure variations
Grahic Jump Location
Top view of the diffuser with probe positions I to XI (gray numbers: positions not discussed herein)
Grahic Jump Location
Sketch of the auxiliary cylinder used to eliminate probe-tip effects
Grahic Jump Location
Performance map of the standard configuration of the centrifugal compressor
Grahic Jump Location
Variation of the period length during MS, indicating minimum, maximum, and mean lengths of MS periods
Grahic Jump Location
Impeller blade and wake positions at the instant of triggering
Grahic Jump Location
General view of the centrifugal compressor test rig
Grahic Jump Location
View of unshrouded impeller and diffuser (configuration: 24 blades, blade angle 25 deg)
Grahic Jump Location
Geometry of the vaned diffuser
Grahic Jump Location
Blade-resolved ensemble-averaged distribution of the radial velocity component near the impeller outlet (r*=1.05, position I). Running conditions: BP, Mu=0.75. Top: three-dimensional view; bottom: top view.
Grahic Jump Location
As in Fig. 10 (top), measured at the leading edge radius (r*=1.16, position VI) of the diffuser vanes
Grahic Jump Location
As in Fig. 10 (top), measured at the diffuser outlet (r*=1.70, position VII)
Grahic Jump Location
Same as in Fig. 12, but measured at probe position IX
Grahic Jump Location
Blade-resolved ensemble-averaged distribution of the radial velocity component at the impeller outlet (r*=1.05, position I) under steady low-flow running conditions (NS, Mu=0.75)
Grahic Jump Location
Blade-resolved ensemble-averaged distribution of the radial velocity component at the impeller outlet (r*=1.05, position I) during mild surge (MS, Mu=0.75)
Grahic Jump Location
Class-averaged Cr variation at midchannel, measured at three different diffuser positions plotted over one MS period (MS, Mu=0.75,z/b=0.48)
Grahic Jump Location
Class-averaged static pressure variation during mild surge at midchannel, measured at three different diffuser positions, plotted over one MS period (MS, Mu=0.75,z/b=0.48)
Grahic Jump Location
Class-averaged Cr distribution measured at the impeller exit during rotating stall (position I, r*=1.05) plotted over one RS period (RS, Mu=0.4)

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In