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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Identifying Faults in the Variable Geometry System of a Gas Turbine Compressor

[+] Author and Article Information
A. Tsalavoutas, K. Mathioudakis, A. Stamatis

Laboratory of Thermal Turbomachines, National Technical University of Athens, P.O. Box 64069, Athens 15710, Greece

M. Smith

ABB Alstom Power UK Ltd., United Kingdom

J. Turbomach 123(1), 33-39 (Feb 01, 2000) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1330267 History: Received February 01, 2000
Copyright © 2001 by ASME
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References

Muir,  D. E., Saravanamuttoo,  H. I. H., and Marshall,  D. J., 1989, “Health Monitoring of Variable Geometry Gas Turbines for the Canadian Navy,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 111, pp. 244–250.
Eustace,  R. W., Woodyatt,  B. A., Merrington,  G. L., and Runacres,  A., 1994, “Fault Signatures Obtained From Fault Implant Tests on an F404 Engine,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 116, pp. 178–183.
Merrington,  G. L., 1994, “Fault Diagnosis in Gas Turbines Using a Model-Based Technique,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 116, pp. 374–380.
Stamatis, A., Mathioudakis, K., Smith, M., and Papailiou, K., 1990, “Gas Turbine Component Fault Identification by Means of Adaptive Performance Modeling,” ASME Paper No. 90-GT-376.
Stamatis,  A., Mathioudakis,  K., and Papailiou,  K., 1990, “Adaptive Simulation of Gas Turbine Performance,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 112, pp. 168–175.
Wood, G. R., 1981, “The Ruston TORNADO: A 6 MW Gas Turbine for Industrial Applications,” ASME Paper No. 81-GT-17.
Carchedi,  F., and Wood,  G. R., 1982, “Design and Development of a 12:1 Pressure Ration Compressor for the RUSTON 6-MW Gas Turbine,” ASME J. Eng. Power, 104, pp. 823–831.
Stamatis,  A., Mathioudakis,  K., and Papailiou,  K., 1992, “Optimal Selection and Health Index Selection for Gas Turbine Performance Status and Fault Diagnosis,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 114, pp. 209–216.
Barker, A. G., and Carrotte, J. F., 1999, “Compressor Exit Conditions and Their Impact on Flame Tube Fuel Injector Flows,” ASME Paper No. 99-GT-238.
Tsalavoutas, A., Mathioudakis, K., and Smith, M. K., 1996, “Processing of Circumferential Temperature Distribution for the Detection of Gas Turbine Burner Malfunctions,” ASME Paper No. 96-GT-103.
Baligand, B., Garnier, B., Mathioudakis, K., and Smith, M., 1995, “Gas Turbine Health Monitoring Demonstrator,” Proc. 2nd Int. Conf. on Acoustical and Vibratory Surveillance Methods and Diagnostic Techniques, SFM/IMEKO/SFA-SEMLIS, Oct. 10–12, pp. 521–531.
Tarabrin, A. P., Bodrov, A. I., Schurovsky, V. A., and Stalder, J.-P., 1998, “Influence of Axial Compressor Fouling on Gas Turbine Unit Performance Based on Different Schemes and With Different Initial Parameters,” ASME Paper No. 98-GT-416.
Mathioudakis, K., Stamatis, A., Tsalavoutas, A., and Aretakis, N., 1999, “Performance Analysis of Industrial Gas Turbines for Engine Condition Monitoring,” presented at First International Conference on Engineering Thermophysics, Beijing, Aug. 18–21.
Loukis, E., Wetta, P., Mathioudakis, K., Papathanasiou, A., and Papailiou, K., 1991, “Combination of Different Unsteady Quantity Measurements for Gas Turbine Blade Fault Diagnosis,” ASME Paper No. 91-GT-201.

Figures

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Schematic of a typical linkage of a variable geometry vane
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Schematic representation of individual vane mistuning
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Engine layout and measured quantities
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VGV fault effects on engine performance: (a) Stage 1, one-vane faults, (b) Stage 1, three vane faults, (c) Stage 4 faults, and (d) IGV faults
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Modification factors percentage deviations: (a) Stage 1, one-vane faults, (b) Stage 1, three vane faults, (c) Stage 4 faults, and (d) IGV faults
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Compressor diagnostic plane
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Turbine diagnostic plane
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Temperature pattern at core turbine outlet for two cases
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Reduced temperature deviations for the case that three vanes of Stage 1 are mistuned
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Reduced temperature deviations for the case in which one vane of the first stage was mistuned
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Reduced temperature deviations for different faults
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Reduced temperature deviations for different burner faults 10
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Temperature spread for the examined cases (healthy and faulty)

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