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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Wake Recovery Performance Benefit in a High-Speed Axial Compressor

[+] Author and Article Information
Dale E. Van Zante

Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011e-mail: dale.vanzante@slgrc.nasa.gov

John J. Adamczyk, Anthony J. Strazisar

NASA Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, OH 44135

Theodore H. Okiishi

Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011

J. Turbomach 124(2), 275-284 (Apr 09, 2002) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1445793 History: Received January 01, 1997; Revised November 11, 2001; Online April 09, 2002
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
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References

Kerrebrock, J. L., and Mikolajczak, A. A., 1970, “Intra-Stator Transport of Rotor Wakes and Its Effect on Compressor Performance,” ASME J. Eng. Power, pp. 359–368.
Tweedt,  D. L., Hathaway,  M. D., and Okiishi,  T. H., 1985, “Multistage Compressor Stator/Rotor Interaction,” J Propul, 1, No. 6, Nov-Dec., pp. 449–455.
Smith, L. H., Jr., 1966, “Wake Dispersion in Turbomachines,” J. Basic Eng., pp. 688–690.
Smith,  L. H., 1993, “Wake Ingestion Propulsion Benefit,” J. Propul. Power, 9, No. 1, Jan.-Feb., pp. 74–82.
Smith, L. H., Jr., 1970, “Casing Boundary Layers in Multistage Axial-Flow Compressors,” Flow Research in Blading, edited by L. S. Dzung, Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam, 1970.
Adamczyk, J. J., 1996, “Wake Mixing in Axial Flow Compressors,” ASME Paper No. 96-GT-029.
Deregel, P., and Tan, C. S., 1996, “Impact of Rotor Wakes on Steady-State Axial Compressor Performance,” ASME Paper No. 96-GT-253.
Valkov, T. V., 1997, “The Effect of Upstream Vortical Disturbances on the Time-Average Performance of Axial Compressor Stators,” Ph.D. dissertation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Ding, K., 1982, “Flow Measurements Using a Laser-Two-Focus Anemometer in a High-Speed Centrifugal and a Multistage Axial Compressor,” presented at ASME Winter Annual Meeting, Phoenix, AZ, Nov.
Stauter,  R. C., Dring,  R. P., and Carta,  F. O., 1991, “Temporally and Spatially Resolved Flow in a Two-Stage Axial Compressor: Part I—Experiment,” ASME J. Turbomach., 113, pp. 212–226.
Dunker, R. J., 1983, “Flow Measurements in the Stator Row of a Single-Stage Transonic Axial-Flow Compressor with Controlled Diffusion Stator Blades,” AGARD CP-351, Viscous Effects in Turbomachines.
Williams,  M. C., 1988, “Inter and Intrablade Row Laser Velocimetry Studies of Gas Turbine Compressor Flows,” ASME J. Turbomach., 110, pp. 369–376.
Hathaway, M. D., 1986, “Unsteady Flows in a Single-Stage Transonic Axial-Flow Fan Stator Row,” NASA TM 88929, Dec., also, see ASME 87-GT-226 and 87-GT-227.
Hill, P. G., Schaub, U. W., and Senoo, Y., 1963, “Turbulent Wakes in Pressure Gradients,” ASME J. Appl. Mech., pp. 518–524.
van de Wall,  Allan, G., Jaikrishnan,  R., and Adamczyk,  J. J., 2000, “A Transport Model for the Deterministic Stresses Associated With Turbomachinery Blade Row Interactions,” ASME J. Turbomach., 122, pp. 593–603.
Nakayama,  A., 1987, “Curvature and Pressure-Gradient Effects on a Small Defect Wake,” J. Fluid Mech., 175, pp. 215–246.
Reid, L., and Moore, R. D., “Design and Overall Performance of Four Highly Loaded, High-Speed Inlet Stages for an Advanced High-Pressure-Ratio Core Compressor,” NASA TP 1337, October 1978.
Adamczyk, J. J., 1985, “Model Equation for Simulating Flows in Multistage Turbomachinery,” ASME Paper No. 85-GT-226.
Reid, L., and Moore, R. D., “Performance of Single-Stage Axial-Flow Transonic Compressor With Rotor and Stator Aspect Ratios of 1.19 and 1.26, Respectively, and with Design Pressure Ratio of 1.82,” NASA TP 1338, November 1978.
Strazisar, A. J., Wood, J. R., Hathaway, M. D., and Suder, K., L., 1989, “Laser Anemometer Measurements in a Transonic Axial-Flow Fan Rotor,” NASA TP 2879.
Smith, L. H., Jr., 1996, “Discussion of ASME Paper No. 96-GT-029: Wake Mixing in Axial Flow Compressors,” ASME Turbo Expo, Birmingham, England, June 10–13.
Van Zante, D. E., 1997, “Study of a Wake Recovery Mechanism in a High-Speed Axial Compressor Stage,” Ph.D. dissertation, Iowa State University.
Chen, J. P., Celestina, M. L., and Adamczyk, J. J., 1994, “A New Procedure for Simulating Unsteady Flows Through Turbomachinery Blade Passages,” ASME Paper No. 94-GT-151.
Sherman, F. S., 1990, Viscous Flow, McGraw-Hill Publishing Company, New York, NY.

Figures

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Disturbance kinetic energy velocity components
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Wake stretching situations
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Operating map for rotor alone and in the stage environment
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LDV measurement locations for rotor and stage environment with axial locations of rotor trailing edge (TE), stator leading edge (SLE), and stator trailing edge (STE) at 75 percent span
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Time average absolute velocity (m/s) and relative velocity magnitude (m/s) for a fixed rotor/stator position based on laser anemometer data at 75 percent span
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Measured wakes in the rotor only environment at the stator leading edge and 120 percent stator chord planes from the PE and NS LFA data
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Midpitch wake profiles for PE and NS at the stator leading edge and stator exit planes in the stage environment
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Comparison of the DKE decay in the rotor only and pitch average DKE in the stage environment for the PE and NS LDV data
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Wake locations/orientation as shown by the number of measurements distribution
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Comparison of LDV data to wake decay model predictions for the PE and NS cases
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Entropy contours showing the rotor wake locations for a fixed rotor/stator position from the near stall simulation

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