0
TECHNICAL PAPERS

The Use of Sweep and Dihedral in Multistage Axial Flow Compressor Blading—Part I: University Research and Methods Development

[+] Author and Article Information
Simon J. Gallimore, John J. Bolger, Nicholas A. Cumpsty, Mark J. Taylor, Peter I. Wright, James M. M. Place

Rolls-Royce Plc, Derby, DE24 8BJ U.K.

J. Turbomach 124(4), 521-532 (Nov 07, 2002) (12 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1507333 History: Received November 20, 2001; Online November 07, 2002
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Rhie, C. M., Gleixner, A. J., Spear, D. A., Fischberg, C. J., and Zacharias, R. M., 1995, “Development and Application of a Multistage Navier-Stokes Solver: Part I—Multistage Modelling Using Bodyforces and Deterministic Stresses,” ASME Paper 95-GT-342.
LeJambre, C. R., Zacharias, R. M., Biederman, B. P., Gleixner, A. J., and Yekta C. J., 1995, “Development and Application of a Multistage Navier-Stokes Solver: Part II—Application to a High Pressure Compressor Design,” ASME Paper 95-GT-343.
Weingold, H. D., Neubert, R. J., Behlke, R. F., and Potter, G. E., 1995, “Reduction of Compressor Stator Endwall Losses Through the Use of Bowed Stators,” ASME Paper 95-GT-380.
Wisler,  D. C., 1985, “Loss Reduction in Axial Flow Compressors Through Low-Speed Model Testing,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 107, No. 2, pp. 354–363.
Freeman, C., 1985, “Effects of Tip Clearance Flow on Compressor Stability and Engine Performance,” VKI Lecture Series LS-1985-05.
Graf, M. B., and Sharma, O. P., 1996, “Effects of Downstream Stator Pressure Field on Upstream Rotor Performance,” ASME Paper 96-GT-507.
Breugelmans,  F. A. E., Carels,  Y., and Demuth,  M., 1984, “Influence of Dihedral on the Secondary Flow in a Two-Dimensional Compressor Cascade,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 106, July 1984, pp. 578–584.
Breugelmans, F. A. E., 1987, “Investigation of Dihedral Effects in Compressor Cascades,” AGARD CP421, Advanced Technology for Aero Gas Turbine Components, Sept.
Sasaki, T., and Breugelmans, F., 1997, “Comparison of Sweep and Dihedral Effects on Compressor Cascade Performance,” ASME Paper 97-GT-2.
Tweedt, D. L., Okiishi, T. H., and Hathaway, M. D., 1986, “Stator Endwall Leading-Edge Sweep and Hub Shroud Influence on Compressor Performance,” ASME Paper 86-GT-197.
Staubach, J. B., Sharma, O. P., and Stetson, G. M., 1996, “Reduction of Tip Clearance Losses Through 3-D Airfoil Designs,” IGTI Asia Conference Paper 96-TA-013.
Inoue, M., Kuroumaru, M., Furukawa, M., Kinoue, Y., Tanini, T., Maeda, S., and Okuna, K., 1997, “Controlled-Endwall-Flow Blading for Multistage Axial Compressor Rotor,” ASME Paper 97-GT-248.
Wadia, A. R., Szucs, P. N., and Crall, D. W., 1997, “Inner Workings of Aerodynamic Sweep,” ASME Paper 97-GT-401.
Hah, C., Puterbaugh, S. L., and Wadia, A. R., 1998, “Control of Shock Structure and Secondary Flow Field Inside Transonic Compressor Rotors Through Aerodynamic Sweep,” ASME Paper 98-GT-561.
Place, J. M. M., 1997, “Three-Dimensional Flow in Axial Compressors,” Ph.D. thesis, University of Cambridge.
Bolger, J. J., 1999, “Three Dimensional Design of Compressor Blading,” Ph.D. thesis, University of Cambridge.
Place,  J. M. M., Howard,  M. A., and Cumpsty,  N. A., 1996, “Simulating the Multistage Environment for Single Stage Compressor Experiments,” ASME J. Turbomach., 118, pp. 706–716.
Denton, J. D., 1994, “Designing in Three Dimensions,” AGARD Lecture Series 195—Turbomachinery Design using CFD.
Denton J. D., 1990, “The Calculation of Three Dimensional Viscous Flow Through Multistage Turbomachines,” ASME Paper 97-GT-345.
Hall, E. J., 1997, “Aerodynamic Modeling of Multistage Compressor Flowfields—Part 2: Modeling Deterministic Stresses,” ASME Paper 97-GT-345.
Adamczyk, J. J., 1985, “Model Equations for Simulating Flows in Multistage Turbomachinery,” ASME Paper 85-GT-226.
Howard,  M. A., and Gallimore,  S. J., 1993, “Viscous Throughflow Modelling for Multi-Stage Compressor Design,” ASME J. Turbomach., 115, pp. 296–304.
Grotjans, H., and Menter, F. R., 1998, “Wall Functions for General Application CFD Codes,” Proc ECCOMAS 98.
Spalart,  P. R., and Allmaras,  S. R., 1992, “A One-Equation Turbulence Model for Aerodynamic Flows,” AIAA Pap. 92-0439.
Launder,  B. E., and Spalding,  D. B., 1974, “The Numerical Computation of Turbulent Flows,” Comput. Methods Appl. Mech. Eng., 3, pp. 269–289.
Baldwin,  B. S., and Lomax,  H., 1978, “Thin Layer Approximation and Algebraic Model for Separated Turbulent Flows,” AIAA Pap. 78-257.
Shabbir, A., Celestina, M. L., and Adamczyk, J. J., and Strazisar, A. J., 1997, “The Effect of Hub Leakage Flow on Two High Speed Axial Flow Compressor Rotors,” ASME Paper 97-GT-346.
Lewis, K. L., 1993, “The Aerodynamics of Shrouded Multi-Stage Turbines,” Ph.D. thesis, University of Cambridge.
McGreehan, W. F., and Ko, S. H., 1989, “Power Dissipation in Smooth and Honeycomb Labyrinth Seals,” ASME Paper 89-GT-220.
Wellborn, S., 1996, “Effects of Shrouded Stator Cavity Flows on Multistage Axial Compressor Aerodynamic Performance,” NASA CR 198536.
Demargne, A. A. J., and Longley, J. P., 2000, “The Aerodynamic Interaction of Stator Shroud Leakage and Mainstream Flows in Compressors,” ASME Paper 2000-GT-0570.
Behlke,  R. F., 1986, “The Development of a Second Generation of Controlled Diffusion Airfoils for Multistage Compressors,” ASME J. Turbomach., 108, pp. 32–41.
Denton, J. D., Wallis, A. M., Borthwick, D., Grant, J., and Ritchey, I., 1996, “The Three-Dimensional Design of Low Aspect Ratio 50% Reaction Turbines,” Paper S461/008/96, Latest Advances in the Aerodynamics of Turbomachinery with Special Emphasis, upon Secondary Flows, IMechE Seminar, Dec. 9–10, Rugby, U.K.
Smith,  L. H., and Yeh,  H., 1963, “Sweep and Dihedral Effects in Axial Flow Turbomachinery,” ASME J. Basic Eng., 85, pp. 401–416.
Cumpsty, N. A., 1990, “Unresolved Problems in Turbomachine Design—3D Design of Blades,” Iowa Turbomachinery Course Notes.
Shang, E., Wang, Z. Q., and Su, J. X., 1993, “The Experimental Investigations on the Compressor Cascades with Leaned and Curved Blade,” ASME Paper 93-GT-50.
Wennerstrom,  A. J., 1984, “Experimental Study of a High Throughflow Transonic Axial Compressor Stage,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 106(3), pp. 552–560.
Denton, J. D., and Xu, L., 1998, “The Exploitation of 3D Flow in Turbomachinery Design,” The Successful Exploitation of CFD in Turbomachinery Design, IMechE Seminar, London, March 19.
Emmerson, P. R., and Buchanan, C. R., 1996, “Investigations of Sweep and Lean Effects on a Highly Loaded Compressor Cascade Using a 3-D Viscous Analysis,” Defense Research Agency, Farnborough, U.K., DRA/AS/PTD/TR95056/1.
Harvey, N. W., Brennan, G., Newman, D. A., and Rose, M. G., 2002, “Improving Turbine Efficiency Using Non-Axisymmetric Endwalls: Validation in the Multi-Row Environment and with Low Aspect Ratio Blading,” ASME Paper GT-2002-30337.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Schematic diagram of zonal mixing length model
Grahic Jump Location
Calibration of turbulence model with high-speed compressor characteristics
Grahic Jump Location
Calibration of turbulence model with high-speed compressor interstage test data
Grahic Jump Location
Comparison of experiment with CFD calculation for low-speed rotor exit flowfield
Grahic Jump Location
Improved bleed hole modeling; (a) mesh, (b) contours of radial velocities on the casing (interval 10 m/s). Positive values indicate flow leaving the annulus.
Grahic Jump Location
Definition of dihedral and sweep
Grahic Jump Location
Computed near-suction surface axial velocity contours for datum and dihedral rotors
Grahic Jump Location
Computed surface static pressure distributions for datum (2-D) and dihedral rotors
Grahic Jump Location
Computed near-suction surface axial velocity contours for datum and swept rotors
Grahic Jump Location
Computed surface static pressure distributions for datum (2-D) and swept rotors
Grahic Jump Location
Front views onto suction surface of 3-D stage
Grahic Jump Location
Comparison of 2-D and modified 3-D stage performance characteristics
Grahic Jump Location
Comparison of measured 2-D and 3-D blade row exit conditions at design point
Grahic Jump Location
Comparison of measured 2-D and 3-D blade row exit conditions at a near-stall operating point

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In