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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Measurement and CFD Prediction of the Flow Within an HP Compressor Drive Cone

[+] Author and Article Information
Christopher A. Long, Alan B. Turner, Guven Kais, Kok M. Tham

Thermo-Fluid Mechanics Research Center, University of Sussex, Brighton, BN1 9QT, U.K.

John A. Verdicchio

Rolls-Royce plc, Derby, DE24 8BJ, U.K.

J. Turbomach 125(1), 165-172 (Jan 23, 2003) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1516195 History: Received October 31, 2001; Online January 23, 2003
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
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References

Monico,  R. D., and Chew,  J. W., 1992, “Modeling Thermal Behavior of Turbomachinery Disc and Casings,” AGARD Conf. Proc., pp. 24.1–24.9, Oct.
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Owen, J. M., and Rogers, R. H., 1989, “Flow and Heat Transfer in Rotating-Disc Systems Volume 1—Rotor-Stator Systems,” Research Studies Press Ltd, Taunton, Somerset, England.
Owen, J. M., and Rogers, R. H., 1995, “Flow and Heat Transfer in Rotating-Disc Systems Volume 2—Rotating Cavities,” Research Studies Press Ltd, Taunton, Somerset, England.
Wu,  C.-S., 1959, “The Three Dimensional Incompressible Laminar Boundary Layer on a Spinning Cone,” Appl. Sci. Res., Sect. A, 8, pp. 140–146.
Chew, J. W., 1985, “Moment Coefficients and Flow Entrainment Rate for a Cone Rotating in an Infinite Environment,” Rolls-Royce Report No. TSG0225.
Chew,  J. W., 1988, “The Effect of Hub Radius on the Flow Due to a Rotating Disk,” ASME J. Turbomach., 110, pp. 417–418.
von Kármán,  T., 1921, “Uber Laminare und Turbulente Reibung,” Z. Angew. Math. Mech., 1, pp. 244–249.
Yamada,  Y., and Ito,  M., 1979, “Frictional Resistance of Enclosed Rotating Cones With Superposed Throughflow,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 101, pp. 259–264.
May,  N. E., Chew,  J. W., and James,  P. W., 1994, “Calculation of Turbulent Flow for an Enclosed Rotating Cone,” ASME J. Turbomach., 116, pp. 548–554.
Kais, G., 1998, “The Design and Commissioning of an Experimental Rig to Investigate the Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow in the High Pressure Compressor Drive Cone Cavity of an Aeroengine,” D.Phil. thesis, School of Engineering, University of Sussex.
Alexiou,  A., Hills,  N. J., Long,  C. A., Turner,  A. B., and Millward,  J. A., 2000, “Heat Transfer in H.P. Compressor Gas Turbine Internal Air Systems: a Rotating Disc-Cone Cavity with Axial Throughflow,” Exp. Heat Transfer, 13, pp. 299–328.
Turner,  A. B., Davies,  S. J., Childs,  P. R. N., Harvey,  C. G., and Millward,  J. A., 2000, “Development of a Novel Gas Turbine Driven Centrifugal Compressor,” Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng., IMechE Conf., 214, pp. 423–437.
Benedict, R. P., 1984, Fundamentals of Temperature, Pressure, and Flow Measurements, Third Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, New York, NY.
British Standards Institute, 1992, “BS1042 Measurement of Fluid Flow in Closed Conduits, Section 1.1: Specification for Square-Edged Orifice Plates, Nozzles, and Venturi Tubes Inserted in Circular Cross-Section Conduits Running Full.”
Verdichhio, J. A., 2001, “The Validation and Coupling of CFD and FE Codes for Solving “Industrial Problems”,” D.Phil. thesis, School of Engineering and Information Technology, University of Sussex.

Figures

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General assembly of the HP compressor drive cone rig
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The CFD mesh for the standard (10670 cells) 2-D model
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Computed streamlines from the standard 2-D model at low speed conditions (Ω=203 rad/s, ṁcone=0.071 kg/s)
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Measured variation of dimensionless tangential velocity with radius ratio
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Measured variation of dimensionless axial velocity with radius ratio
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Comparison between experimental data and 2-D CFD models with various inlet boundary conditions (low speed case, Ω=203 rad/s,ṁcone=0.071 kg/s)—(a) tangential velocity, (b) axial velocity
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Comparison between experimental data and 2-D CFD models with various inlet boundary conditions (high speed case, Ω=530 rad/s,ṁcone=0.226 kg/s)
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Values of tangential velocity, Vϕ, obtained from the 3-D model without tip clearance at the low speed case (Ω=203 rad/s,ṁcone=0.071 kg/s)
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Variation of tangential and axial velocities with annulus height, at the blade exit plane (low speed case, Ω=203 rad/s,ṁcone=0.071 kg/s)—(a) tangential velocity, (b) axial velocity
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Comparison between experimental data, 2-D and 3-D CFD models (low speed case, Ω=203 rad/s,ṁcone=0.071 kg/s)—(a) tangential velocity, (b) axial velocity

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