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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Aerodynamic-Rotordynamic Interaction in Axial Compression Systems—Part I: Modeling and Analysis of Fluid-Induced Forces

[+] Author and Article Information
Ammar A. Al-Nahwi

Consulting Services Department, Saudi Arabian Oil Company (Saudi Aramco), Dhahran 31311, Saudi Arabia

James D. Paduano

Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139

Samir A. Nayfeh

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139

J. Turbomach 125(3), 405-415 (Aug 27, 2003) (11 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1576430 History: Received November 30, 2001; Online August 27, 2003
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
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References

Thomas,  H. J., 1958, “Unstable Natural Vibration of Turbine Rotors Induced by the Clearance Flow in Glands and Blading,” Bull. De l’A.I.M., 71(11/12), pp. 1039–1063.
Alford,  J., 1965, “Protecting Turbomachinery From Self-Excited Rotor Whirl,” ASME J. Eng. Power, Oct., pp. 333–344.
Ehrich. F. 1992, Handbook of Rotordynamics. McGraw-Hill Inc., New York.
Childs, D., 1993, Turbomachinery Rotordynamics, Phenomena, Modeling & Analysis, John Wiley, New York.
Song,  S. J., and Martinez-Sanchez,  M., 1997, “Rotordynamic Forces Due to Turbine Tip Leakage, Parts I and II,” ASME J. Turbomach., 119, Oct., pp. 695–713.
Colding-Jorgensen,  J., 1992, “Prediction of Rotor Dynamic Destabilizing Forces in Axial Flow Compressors,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 114, Dec., 621–625.
Horlock,  J. H., and Greitzer,  E. M., 1983, “Non-Uniform Flows in Axial Compressors Due to Tip Clearance Variation,” IMechE, Proc. Instn. Mech. Engrs., 197C, 173–178.
Ehrich,  F., 1993, “Rotor Whirl Forces Induced by the Tip Clearance Effect in Axial Flow Compressors,” J. Vibr. Acoust., 115, Oct., pp. 509–515.
Storace, A. F., Wisler, D. C., Shin, H.-W., Beacher, B. F., Ehrich, F. F., Spakovszky, Z. S., Martinez-Sanchez, M., and Song, S. J., 2000, “Unsteady Flow and Whirl-Inducing Forces in Axial-Flow Compressors,” Part I—Experiment. ASME-IGTI Paper 2000-GT-0565.
Ehrich, F. F., Spakovszky, Z. S., Martinez-Sanchez, M., Song, S. J., Wisler, D. C., Storace, A. F., Shin, H.-W., and Beacher, B. F., 2000, “Unsteady Flow and Whirl-Inducing Forces in Axial-Flow Compressors,” Part II—Analysis. ASME-IGTI Paper 2000-GT-0566.
Spakovszky, Z. S., 2000, “Analysis of Aerodynamically Induced Whirling Forces in Axial Flow Compressors,” ASME-IGTI Paper 2000-GT-0418.
Song, S. J., and Cho, S. H., 2000, “Non-Uniform Flow in a Compressor Due to Asymmetric Tip Clearance,” ASME-IGTI Paper 2000-GT-0416.
Moore,  F. K., and Greitzer,  E. M., 1986, “A Theory of Post-Stall Transients in Axial Compression Systems: Part I—Development of Equations,” ASME J. Eng. Power, 108, Jan., pp. 68–76.
Graf, M. B., 1996, “Effects of Asymmetric Tip Clearance on Compressor Stability,” Master’s thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Gordon, K., 1999, Three-Dimensional Rotating Stall Inception and Effects of Rotating Tip Clearance Asymmetry in Axial Compressors. Ph.D. thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Longley, J. P., 1993, “A Review of Non-Steady Flow Models for Compressor Stability,” ASME Paper 93-GT-17.
Al-Nahwi, A. A., 2000, Aerodynamic-Rotordynamic Interaction in Axial Compression Systems. Ph.D. thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
McCaughan,  F., 1989, “Application of Bifurcation Theory to Axial Flow Compressor Instability,” ASME J. Turbomach., 111, Oct., pp. 426–433.
McCaughan,  F., 1998, “Numerical Results for Axial Flow Compressor Instability,” ASME J. Turbomach., 111, Oct., pp. 434–441.
Day, I. J., 1976, Axial Compressor Stall. Ph.D. thesis, Cambridge University.
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Van Schalkwyk, C. M., 1996, Active Control of Rotating Stall With Inlet Distortion. Ph.D. thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Figures

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Basic rotor-casing geometry (exaggerated proportions)
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Schematic of the compression system model
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General features of the compressor pressure-rise characteristic
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A schematic of the control volume for one stage of the rotating assembly
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Velocity triangles and terminology used in evaluating force expressions
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Three-dimensional components of velocity triangle
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Pressure-rise and torque characteristics for the MIT 3-stage axial compressor. (Measured performance reported by Gamache 21 and others.)
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Calculated amplitude of turning force Ftu for different values of flow nonuniformity amplitude
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Calculated amplitude of pressure force Fpr for different values of flow nonuniformity amplitude
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Calculated amplitude of unsteady force Fun for different values of flow nonuniformity frequency
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Schematic of the phase relationship between the three aerodynamic forces and flow nonuniformity. Note that the flow nonuniformity, indicated by the large dot, is not in phase with the tip clearance asymmetry.
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Flow nonuniformity and aerodynamic forces for a fixed rotor offset of r=1.0% chord
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Measured and assumed pressure-rise characteristics for the GE LSRC
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Comparison between experiment, numerical results, and this model, for the GE LSRC compressor with r=1.0% chord

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