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Bons,
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Acharya,
M., Bornstein,
J., and Escudier,
M., 1986, “Turbulent Boundary Layers on Rough Surfaces,” Exp. Fluids, (win 04), pp. 33–47.

Pinson,
M. W., and Wang,
T., 2000, “Effect of Two-Scale Roughness on Boundary Layer Transition Over a Heated Flat Plate: Part 1—Surface Heat Transfer,” ASME J. Turbomach., 122, pp. 301–307.

Goldstein,
R., Eckert,
E., Chiang,
H., and Elovic,
E., 1985, “Effect of Surface Roughness on Film Cooling Performance,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 107, pp. 111–116.

Taylor,
R. P., Scaggs,
W. F., and Coleman,
H. W., 1988, “Measurement and Prediction of the Effects of Nonuniform Surface Roughness on Turbulent Flow Friction Coefficients,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 110, pp. 380–384.

Bogard,
D. G., Schmidt,
D. L., and Tabbita,
M., 1998, “Characterization and Laboratory Simulation of Turbine Airfoil Surface Roughness and Associated Heat Transfer,” ASME J. Turbomach., 120, pp. 337–342.

Barlow,
D. N., Kim,
Y. W., and Florschuetz,
L. W., 1997, “Transient Liquid Crystal Technique for Convective Heat Transfer on Rough Surfaces,” ASME J. Turbomach., 119, pp. 14–22.

Schlichting, H., 1979, *Boundary Layer Theory*, 7th Ed., McGraw-Hill, New York.

Dipprey,
D. F., and Sabersky,
R. H., 1962, “Heat and Momentum Transfer in Smooth and Rough Tubes at Various Prandtl Numbers,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 6, pp. 329–353.

Boyle, R. J., 1993, “Prediction of Surface Roughness and Incidence Effects on Turbine Performance,” ASME Paper No. 93-GT-280.

Tolpadi, A. K., and Crawford, M. E., 1998, “Predictions of the Effect of Roughness on Heat Transfer From Turbine Airfoils,” ASME Paper No. 97-GT-087.

Blair,
M. F., 1994, “An Experimental Study of Heat Transfer in a Large-Scale Turbine Rotor Passage,” ASME J. Turbomach., 116, pp. 1–13.

Guo,
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T. V., Lock,
G. D., and Dancer,
S. N., 1998, “Computational Prediction of Heat Transfer to Gas Turbine Nozzle Guide Vanes With Roughened Surfaces,” ASME J. Turbomach., 120, pp. 343–350.

Hosni,
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H. W., and Taylor,
R. P., 1991, “Measurements and Calculations of Rough-Wall Heat Transfer in the Turbulent Boundary Layer,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 34, pp. 1067–1082.

McClain, S. T., Hodge, B. K., and Bons, J. P., “Predicting Skin Friction and Heat Transfer for Turbulent Flow Over Real Gas-Turbine Surface Roughness Using the Discrete-Element Method,” ASME Paper No. GT-2003-38813.

Goebel, S. G., Abuaf, N., Lovett, J. A., and Lee, C.-P., 1993, “Measurements of Combustor Velocity and Turbulence Profiles,” ASME Paper No. 93-GT-228.

Dorney, D. J., Ashpis, D. E., Halstead, D. E., and Wisler, D. C., 1999, “Study of Boundary Layer Development in a Two-Stage Low-Pressure Turbine,” Paper No. AIAA 99-0742.

Bons,
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R., McClain,
S., and Rivir,
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Coleman,
H. W., Moffat,
R. J., and Kays,
W. M., 1981, “Heat Transfer in the Accelerated Fully Rough Turbulent Boundary Layer,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 103, pp. 153–158.

Moretti,
P. M., and Kays,
W. M., 1965, “Heat Transfer to a Turbulent Boundary Layer With Varying Free-Stream Velocity and Varying Surface Temperature—An Experimental Study,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 8, pp. 1187–1201.

Chakroun,
W., and Taylor,
R. P., 1993, “The Effects of Moderately Strong Acceleration on Heat Transfer in the Turbulent Rough-Wall Boundary Layer,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 115, pp. 782–785.

Poinsatte,
P. E., VanFossen,
G. J., and Newton,
J. E., 1991, “Heat Transfer Measurements From a Smooth NACA 0012 Airfoil,” J. Aircr., 28(12), pp. 892–898.

Poinsatte,
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G. J., and DeWitt,
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Dukhan,
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Dukhan,
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K. J., and VanFossen,
G. J., 1999, “Acceleration Effect on the Stanton Number for Castings of Ice-Roughened Surfaces,” J. Aircr., 36(5), pp. 896–898.

Turner,
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F. J., 2000, “Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer Over Straight and Curved Rough Surfaces,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 43, pp. 251–262.

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Back,
L. H., and Cuffel,
R. F., 1971, “Turbulent Boundary Layer and Heat Transfer Measurements Along a Convergent-Divergent Nozzle,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 93, pp. 397–407.

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Back,
L. H., and Seban,
R. A., 1965, “On Constant Property Turbulent Boundary Layers With Variable Temperature or Heat Flow at the Wall,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 87(1), pp. 151–156.

So,
R. M. C., 1994, “Pressure Gradient Effects on Reynolds Analogy for Constant Property Equilibrium Turbulent Boundary Layers,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 37, pp. 27–41.

Mellor,
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D. M., 1966, “Equilibrium Turbulent Boundary Layers,” J. Fluid Mech., 24, pp. 225–253.

Belnap,
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Abuaf,
N., Bunker,
R. S., and Lee,
C. P., 1998, “Effects of Surface Roughness on Heat Transfer and Aerodynamic Performance of Turbine Airfoils,” ASME J. Turbomach., 120(3), pp. 522–529.