0
TECHNICAL PAPERS

The Effect of Real Turbine Roughness With Pressure Gradient on Heat Transfer

[+] Author and Article Information
Jeffrey P. Bons

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602e-mail: jbons@byu.edu

Stephen T. McClain

Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294e-mail: smcclain@eng.uab.edu

J. Turbomach 126(3), 385-394 (Sep 03, 2004) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1738120 History: Received December 01, 2002; Revised March 01, 2003; Online September 03, 2004
Copyright © 2004 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Rivir, R. B., 2002, private communication.
Nikuradse, J., 1933, “Laws for Flows in Rough Pipes,” VDI-Forchung. 361, Series B, 4 (English Translation NACA TM 1292, 1950).
Bons,  J. P., 2002, “St and cf Augmentation for Real Turbine Roughness With Elevated Freestream Turbulence,” ASME J. Turbomach., 124, pp. 632–644.
Acharya,  M., Bornstein,  J., and Escudier,  M., 1986, “Turbulent Boundary Layers on Rough Surfaces,” Exp. Fluids, (win 04), pp. 33–47.
Pinson,  M. W., and Wang,  T., 2000, “Effect of Two-Scale Roughness on Boundary Layer Transition Over a Heated Flat Plate: Part 1—Surface Heat Transfer,” ASME J. Turbomach., 122, pp. 301–307.
Goldstein,  R., Eckert,  E., Chiang,  H., and Elovic,  E., 1985, “Effect of Surface Roughness on Film Cooling Performance,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 107, pp. 111–116.
Taylor,  R. P., Scaggs,  W. F., and Coleman,  H. W., 1988, “Measurement and Prediction of the Effects of Nonuniform Surface Roughness on Turbulent Flow Friction Coefficients,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 110, pp. 380–384.
Bogard,  D. G., Schmidt,  D. L., and Tabbita,  M., 1998, “Characterization and Laboratory Simulation of Turbine Airfoil Surface Roughness and Associated Heat Transfer,” ASME J. Turbomach., 120, pp. 337–342.
Barlow,  D. N., Kim,  Y. W., and Florschuetz,  L. W., 1997, “Transient Liquid Crystal Technique for Convective Heat Transfer on Rough Surfaces,” ASME J. Turbomach., 119, pp. 14–22.
Schlichting, H., 1979, Boundary Layer Theory, 7th Ed., McGraw-Hill, New York.
Dipprey,  D. F., and Sabersky,  R. H., 1962, “Heat and Momentum Transfer in Smooth and Rough Tubes at Various Prandtl Numbers,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 6, pp. 329–353.
Boyle, R. J., 1993, “Prediction of Surface Roughness and Incidence Effects on Turbine Performance,” ASME Paper No. 93-GT-280.
Tolpadi, A. K., and Crawford, M. E., 1998, “Predictions of the Effect of Roughness on Heat Transfer From Turbine Airfoils,” ASME Paper No. 97-GT-087.
Blair,  M. F., 1994, “An Experimental Study of Heat Transfer in a Large-Scale Turbine Rotor Passage,” ASME J. Turbomach., 116, pp. 1–13.
Guo,  S. M., Jones,  T. V., Lock,  G. D., and Dancer,  S. N., 1998, “Computational Prediction of Heat Transfer to Gas Turbine Nozzle Guide Vanes With Roughened Surfaces,” ASME J. Turbomach., 120, pp. 343–350.
Hosni,  M. H., Coleman,  H. W., and Taylor,  R. P., 1991, “Measurements and Calculations of Rough-Wall Heat Transfer in the Turbulent Boundary Layer,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 34, pp. 1067–1082.
McClain, S. T., Hodge, B. K., and Bons, J. P., “Predicting Skin Friction and Heat Transfer for Turbulent Flow Over Real Gas-Turbine Surface Roughness Using the Discrete-Element Method,” ASME Paper No. GT-2003-38813.
Goebel, S. G., Abuaf, N., Lovett, J. A., and Lee, C.-P., 1993, “Measurements of Combustor Velocity and Turbulence Profiles,” ASME Paper No. 93-GT-228.
Dorney, D. J., Ashpis, D. E., Halstead, D. E., and Wisler, D. C., 1999, “Study of Boundary Layer Development in a Two-Stage Low-Pressure Turbine,” Paper No. AIAA 99-0742.
Bons,  J. P., Taylor,  R., McClain,  S., and Rivir,  R. B., 2001, “The Many Faces of Turbine Surface Roughness,” ASME J. Turbomach., 123, pp. 739–748.
Coleman,  H. W., Moffat,  R. J., and Kays,  W. M., 1981, “Heat Transfer in the Accelerated Fully Rough Turbulent Boundary Layer,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 103, pp. 153–158.
Moretti,  P. M., and Kays,  W. M., 1965, “Heat Transfer to a Turbulent Boundary Layer With Varying Free-Stream Velocity and Varying Surface Temperature—An Experimental Study,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 8, pp. 1187–1201.
Chakroun,  W., and Taylor,  R. P., 1993, “The Effects of Moderately Strong Acceleration on Heat Transfer in the Turbulent Rough-Wall Boundary Layer,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 115, pp. 782–785.
Poinsatte,  P. E., VanFossen,  G. J., and Newton,  J. E., 1991, “Heat Transfer Measurements From a Smooth NACA 0012 Airfoil,” J. Aircr., 28(12), pp. 892–898.
Poinsatte,  P. E., VanFossen,  G. J., and DeWitt,  K. J., 1991, “Roughness Effects on Heat Transfer From a NACA 0012 Airfoil,” J. Aircr., 28(12), pp. 908–911.
Dukhan,  N., Masiulaniec,  K. C., and DeWitt,  K. J., 1999, “Experimental Heat Transfer Coefficients From Ice-Roughened Surfaces for Aircraft Deicing Design,” J. Aircr., 36(6), pp. 948–956.
Dukhan,  N., Masiulaniec,  K. C., DeWitt,  K. J., and VanFossen,  G. J., 1999, “Acceleration Effect on the Stanton Number for Castings of Ice-Roughened Surfaces,” J. Aircr., 36(5), pp. 896–898.
Turner,  A. B., Hubbe-Walker,  S. E., and Bayley,  F. J., 2000, “Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer Over Straight and Curved Rough Surfaces,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 43, pp. 251–262.
Schultz, D. L., and Jones, T. V., 1973, “Heat-Transfer Measurements in Short-Duration Hypersonic Facilities,” Advisory Group for Aerospace Research and Development, No. 165, NATO.
Gatlin, B., and Hodge, B. K., 1990, “An Instructional Computer Program for Computing the Steady, Compressible Turbulent Flow of an Arbitrary Fluid Near a Smooth Wall,” Department of Mechanical Engineering, Mississippi State University, Second printing.
Ambrok,  G. S., 1957, “Approximate Solution of Equations for the Thermal Boundary Layer With Variations in Boundary Layer Structure,” Soviet Physics,2(2), pp. 1979–1986.
Back,  L. H., and Cuffel,  R. F., 1971, “Turbulent Boundary Layer and Heat Transfer Measurements Along a Convergent-Divergent Nozzle,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 93, pp. 397–407.
White, F. M., 1991, Viscous Fluid Flow, 2nd Ed., 1991, McGraw-Hill, New York.
Back,  L. H., and Seban,  R. A., 1965, “On Constant Property Turbulent Boundary Layers With Variable Temperature or Heat Flow at the Wall,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 87(1), pp. 151–156.
So,  R. M. C., 1994, “Pressure Gradient Effects on Reynolds Analogy for Constant Property Equilibrium Turbulent Boundary Layers,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 37, pp. 27–41.
Mellor,  G. L., and Gibson,  D. M., 1966, “Equilibrium Turbulent Boundary Layers,” J. Fluid Mech., 24, pp. 225–253.
Belnap,  B. J., vanRij,  J. A., and Ligrani,  P. M., 2002, “A Reynolds Analogy for Real Component Surface Roughness,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 45, pp. 3089–3099.
Abuaf,  N., Bunker,  R. S., and Lee,  C. P., 1998, “Effects of Surface Roughness on Heat Transfer and Aerodynamic Performance of Turbine Airfoils,” ASME J. Turbomach., 120(3), pp. 522–529.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Experimental velocity data (Ue normalized by exit velocity from stage) versus wetted surface distance for typical turbine airfoil (Fig. 5 from 19)
Grahic Jump Location
Schematic of variable pressure gradient wind tunnel at AFRL
Grahic Jump Location
Freestream velocity distribution for three pressure gradients in AFRL wind tunnel
Grahic Jump Location
Empirical Te−Tw distributions used in St calculations (nondimensionalized by measured Te−Tw at x=1.2 m)
Grahic Jump Location
Reynolds analogy predictions from So 35 compared with results using smooth-wall predictions from BLACOMP computation
Grahic Jump Location
Experimental St data for six panels and three pressure gradients (Rex=9×105)
Grahic Jump Location
Experimental data for five panels (Rex=9×105). Roughness-induced change in St(StRough−StSmooth) as a percent of StSmooth at matching pressure gradient.
Grahic Jump Location
Experimental data for six panels (Rex=9×105). Pressure gradient induced change in St(StPG−StZPG) as a percent of StZPG for the same rough surface.
Grahic Jump Location
Comparison of combined (synergistic) roughness/pressure gradient effects on St with compound and additive estimates using individual effects of roughness alone and pressure gradient alone. Data for five rough surfaces and (a) APG or (b) FPG. (Rex=9×105).
Grahic Jump Location
Mean velocity profiles (U) at leading and trailing edge of smooth panels: adverse, zero, and favorable pressure gradients. (Rex=9×105).
Grahic Jump Location
Comparison of experimental St data with discrete-element method prediction for three panels and three pressure gradients. (Rex=9×105).

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In