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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Surge Avoidance in Gas Compression Systems

[+] Author and Article Information
R. Kurz, R. C. White

Solar Turbines Incorporated, 9330 Skypark Court, San Diego, CA 92123

J. Turbomach 126(4), 501-506 (Dec 29, 2004) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1777577 History: Received May 21, 2004; Revised May 27, 2004; Online December 29, 2004
Copyright © 2004 by ASME
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References

Epstein, A. H., Ffowcs Williams, J. E., and Greitzer, E. M., 1994, “Active Suppression of Compressor Instabilities,” Paper No. AIAA-86-1994.
Blanchini, F., Giannatasio, P., Micheli, D., and Pinamonti, P., 2001, “Experimental Evaluation of a High-Gain Control for Compressor Surge Suppression,” ASME Paper No. 2001-GT-0570.
Arnulfi, G. L., Giannatasio, P., Micheli, D., and Pinamonti, P., 2000, “An Innovative Control of Surge in Industrial Compression Systems,” ASME Paper No. 2000-GT-352.
McKee, R. J., and Deffenbaugh, D., 2003, “Factors that Affect Surge Precursors in Centrifugal Compressors,” Proc. GMRC Gas Machinery Conference, Salt Lake City, UT.
Wachter, J., and Rohne, K. H., 1984, “Centrifugal Compressor Surge Behavior,” ASME Paper No. 84-GT-91.
Ribi, B., and Gyarmathy, G., 1997, “Energy Input of a Centrifugal Stage into the Attached Piping System During Mild Surge,” ASME Paper No. 97-GT-84.
Sentz, R. H., 1980, “The Analysis of Surge,” Texas A&M Turbomachinery Symposium.
Bakken, L. E., Bjorge, T., Bradley, T. M., and Smith, N., 2002, “Validation of Compressor Transient Behavior,” ASME Paper No. GT-2002-30279.
ANSI/ISA S75.01, 1995, “Flow Equations for Sizing Control Valves.”

Figures

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Compressor characteristics
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Emergency shutdown against closed recycle valve. Test data versus simulation with complete model. Time spans in surge based on vibration data from test flow and reverse flow.
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Emergency shutdown with recycle valve opening; (a) speed and pressures versus time, (b) flow versus time
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Relative difference between discharge pressure and valve pressure
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Comparison between full and reduced model
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Compressor station and rotor system consisting of power turbine, coupling, and compressor rotor
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Anti-surge and recycle system; (a) cooled recycle, (b) hot recycle
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Simplified surge cycles, 5

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