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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Parametric Study of Tip Clearance—Casing Treatment on Performance and Stability of a Transonic Axial Compressor

[+] Author and Article Information
Behnam H. Beheshti, Bijan Farhanieh

School of Mechanical Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran

Joao A. Teixeira, Paul C. Ivey

Turbomachinery, Icing and Gas Turbine Instrumentation Group, School of Engineering, Cranfield University, United Kingdom

Kaveh Ghorbanian

School of Aerospace Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran

J. Turbomach 126(4), 527-535 (Dec 29, 2004) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1791643 History: Received October 01, 2003; Revised March 01, 2004; Online December 29, 2004
Copyright © 2004 by ASME
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References

Smith,  G. D. J., and Cumpsty,  N. A., 1984, “Flow Phenomena in Compressor Casing Treatment,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 106, pp. 532–541.
Wisler,  D. C., 1985, “Loss Reduction in Axial Flow Compressors through Low-Speed Model Testing,” ASME J. Turbomach., 107, pp. 354–363.
Suder,  K. L., and Celestina,  M. L., 1996, “Experimental and Computational Investigation of the Tip Clearance Flow in a Transonic Axial Compressor Rotor,” ASME J. Turbomach., 118, pp. 218–229.
Adamczyk,  J. J., Celestina,  M. L., and Greitzer,  E. M., 1993, “The Role of Tip Clearance in High-Speed Fan stall,” ASME J. Turbomach., 115, pp. 28–39.
Prince, D. C., Jr., Wisler, D. D. and Hivers, D. E., 1974, “Study of Casing treatment stall Margin Improvement,” NASA CR-134552.
Takata,  H., and Tsukuda,  Y., 1977, “Stall Margin Improvement by Casing Treatment—Its Mechanism and Effectiveness,” ASME J. Eng. Power, 99, pp. 121–133.
Goto, A., and Katsumata, T., 1998, “Turbomachine,” United State Patent Application, U.S. Serial No. 5,707,206, 1998.
Barnett, M., Graf, M., Raw, J. A., Sharma, O., and Sprout, W. D., 2003, “Casing Treatment for a Fluid Compressor,” United State Patent Application, U.S. Serial No. 6,619,909, 2003.
Koff, C. S., Nikkanen, J. P., and Mazzawy, R. S., 1994, “Rotor Case Treatment,” United State Patent Application, U.S. Serial No. 5,308,225, 1994.
Suder,  K. L., Hathaway,  M. D., Thorp,  S. A., Strazisar,  A. J., and Bright,  M. B., 2001, “Compressor Stability Enhancement Using Discrete Tip Injection,” ASME J. Turbomach., 123, pp. 14–23.
Crook,  A. J., Greitzer,  E. M., Tan,  C. S., and Adamczyk,  J. J., 1993, “Numerical Simulation of Compressor Endwall and Casing Treatment Flow Phenomena,” ASME J. Turbomach., 115, pp. 501–511.
Thompson,  D. W., King,  P. I., and Rabe,  D. C., 1998, “Experimental Investigation of Stepped Tip Gap Effects on the Performance of a Transonic Axial-Flow Compressor Rotor,” ASME J. Turbomach., 120, pp. 477–486.
Thompson, D. W., King, P. I., Hah, C., and Rabe, D. C., 1998, “Experimental and Computational Investigation of Stepped Tip Gap Effects on the Flowfield of a Transonic Axial-Flow Compressor Rotor,” ASME paper no. 98-GT-90.
Yang, H., 2003, “Unsteady Flow Simulation of a Transonic Compressor Coupled with Casing Treatment,” The Eleventh Annual Conference of the CFD Society of Canada, May 2003, Vancouver, Canada.
Dunham, J., 1998, “CFD Validation for Propulsion System Components,” AGARD Advisory Report 355, ISBN 92-836-1075-X.
Beheshti, B. H., Teixeira, J. A., Ivey, P. C., Farhanieh, B., and Ghorbanian, K., 2003, “Study of Small Scale Casing Treatment on the Performance of Axial Transonic Compressors,” IMechE Conference, London, UK.
Anderson, D. A., Tannehill, J. C., and Pletcher, R. H., 1984, “Computational Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer, Computational Methods in Mechanics and Thermal Sciences,” Taylor and Francis, Bristol, PA.
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Chima, R. V., 1996, “Calculation of Tip Clearance Effects in a Transonic Compressor Rotor,” ASME paper no. 96-GT-114.
Arnone, A., Carnevale, E., and Marconcini, M., 1997, “Grid Dependency Study for the NASA Rotor 37 Compressor Blade,” ASME paper no. 97-GT-384.
Weigl,  H. J., Paduano,  J. D., Frechette,  J. D., Epstein,  A. H., Greitzer,  E. M., Bright,  M. M., and Strazisar,  A. J., 1998, “Active Stabilization of Rotating Stall and Surge in a Transonic Single-Stage Axial Compressor,” ASME J. Turbomach., 120, pp. 625–636.
Suder, K. L., 1996, “Blockage Development in a Transonic, Axial Compressor Rotor,” ASME paper no. 96-GT-394.

Figures

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NASA Rotor 37 experimental and numerical reporting locations 3.
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Computational grid for NASA Rotor 37. (a) Meridional view, (b) main block (top view), and (c) second block.
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Pressure ratio and efficiency maps
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Spanwise distribution of total pressure at the passage exit (near stall condition)
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Spanwise distribution of total temperature at the passage exit
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Spanwise distribution of exit angle
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Pitchwise distribution of relative Mach number at 20% chord and 90% span
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Pitchwise distribution of relative Mach number after blade trailing edge and 90% span
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Blade relative Mach number at 95% span and peak efficiency. (a) Computations and (b) experiments 23.
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Effects of tip clearance size on compressor total pressure ratio and efficiency
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Effects of tip clearance size on compressor peak efficiency and total pressure ratio
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Effects of tip clearance size on compressor stall margin
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Effects of tip clearance size on compressor flow range
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Relative Mach number at 95% span and peak efficiency. (a) Small clearance, (b) medium clearance, and (c) large clearance.
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Contours of total pressure loss coefficient (ω) at 25% chord and peak efficiency. (a) Small clearance, (b) medium clearance, and (c) large clearance.
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Casing treatment configuration. (a) Location of vertical walls and (b) meridional view.
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Effects of casing treatment on compressor efficiency map. (a) Compressor pressure ratio and (b) compressor efficiency.
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Effects of casing treatment on compressor performance and stability. (a) Compressor efficiency and (b) compressor stability.
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Meridional view of normalized axial velocity at peak efficiency for large tip gap. (a) Smooth casing and (b) with casing treatment.
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Tip leakage vortex normalized vorticity (ξn) at 34, 45, 60, and 75% chord for large tip gap. (a) Smooth casing and (b) with casing treatments.

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