Effect of the Hub Endwall Cavity Flow on the Flow-Field of a Transonic High-Pressure Turbine

[+] Author and Article Information
G. Paniagua, R. Dénos, S. Almeida

Turbomachinery and Propulsion Department, von Karman Institute for Fluid Dynamics, Chaussée de Waterloo 72, B1640—Rhode Saint Genèse, Belgium

J. Turbomach 126(4), 578-586 (Dec 29, 2004) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1791644 History: Received October 01, 2003; Revised March 01, 2004; Online December 29, 2004
Copyright © 2004 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Gunston, B., 1993, “Jane’s all the World’s Aircraft 1992-93,” Jane’s Data Division, ed., Lambert M. Surrey, United Kingdom.
Dunn,  M. G., 2001, “Heat Transfer and Aerodynamics in Axial Flow Turbines,” ASME J. Turbomach., 123, pp. 637–686.
Steinetz,  B. M., and Hendricks,  R. C., 1996, “Engine Seal Technology Requirements to Meet NASA’s Advanced Subsonic Technology Program Goals,” J. Propulsion and Power,12(4), pp. 786–793.
Campbell, D. A., 1978, “Gas Turbine Disc Sealing System Design,” Proceedings of the Conference on Seal Technology in Gas Turbine Engines, Apr., London AGARD-CP-237.
Kobayashi,  N., Matsumato,  M., and Shizuya,  M., 1984, “An Experimental Investigation of a Gas Turbine Disc Cooling System,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 106, pp. 136–141.
Phadke,  U. P., and Owen,  J. M., 1988, “Aerodynamic Aspects of the Sealing of Gas-Turbine Rotor-Stator Systems. Part 1: The Behavior of Simple Shrouded Rotating-Disk Systems in a Quiescent Environment. Part 2: The Performance of Simple Seals in a Quasi-Axisymmetric External Flow. Part 3: The Effect of Non-Axisymmetric External Flow on Seal Performance,” Int. J. Heat Fluid Flow, 9(2), pp. 98–117.
Chew,  J. W., Dadkhah,  S., and Turner,  A. B., 1992, “Rim Sealing of Rotor-Stator Wheelspaces in the Absence of External Flow,” ASME J. Turbomach., 114, pp. 433–438.
Dadkhah,  S., Turner,  A. B., and Chew,  J. W., 1992, “Performance of Radial Clearance Rim Seals in Upstream and Downstream Rotor-Stator Wheelspaces,” ASME J. Turbomach., 114, pp. 439–445.
Daniels,  W. A., Johnson,  B. V., Graber,  D. J., and Martin,  R. J., 1992, “Rim Seal Experiments and Analysis for Turbine Applications,” ASME J. Turbomach., 114, pp. 426–432.
Ko,  S. H., and Rhode,  D. L., 1992, “Thermal Details in a Rotor-Stator Cavity at Engine Conditions With a Mainstream,” ASME J. Turbomach., 114, pp. 446–453.
Bohn,  D., Deuker,  E., Emunds,  R., and Gorzelitz,  V., 1995, “Experimental and Theoretical Investigations of Heat Transfer in Closed Gas-Filled Rotating Annuli,” ASME J. Turbomach., 117, pp. 175–183.
Ko,  S. H., Rhode,  D. L., and Guo,  Z., 1997, “Circumferentially Smeared Computed Effects of Rim Seal Clearance on Wheelspace Thermal Distribution,” ASME J. Turbomach., 119, pp. 157–159.
Laroche, E., Desportes de la Fosse, S., Djaoui, M., Debuchy, R., and Paté, L., 1999, “A Combined Experimental and Numerical Investigation of the Flow in a Heated Rotor/Stator Cavity With a Centripetal Injection,” ASME paper no. 99-GT-170.
Wilson, M., Arnold, P. D., Lewis, T. W., Mirzaee, I., Rees, D. A. S., and Owen, J. M., 1997, “Instability of Flow and Heat Transfer in a Rotating Cavity With a Stationary Outer Casing,” Proceedings of Eurotherm 55 “Heat Transfer in Single Phase Flow,” Santorini, Greece, September.
Hah, C., 1997, “Turbine Blade Tip, Outer Airseal, Platform Analysis,” VKI Lecture Series: “Secondary and Tip Clearance Flows in Axial Turbines,” Von Karman Institute for Fluid Dynamics, Rhode-Saint-Genese, Belgium, February.
Hunter, S. D., and Manwaring, S. R., 2000, “Endwall Cavity Flow Effects on Gaspath Aerodynamics in an Axial Flow Turbine: Part 1: Experimental and Numerical Investigation,” ASME paper no. 2000-GT-651.
Förster, I., Martens, E., Friedl, W.-H., and Peitsch, D., 2001, “Numerical Study of Hot Gas Ingestion into an Engine Type High-Pressure Turbine Rotor-Stator Cavity,” ASME paper no. 2001-GT-0114.
Lindqvist, L. O., Wickholm, J. E., Fransson, T. H., and Torisson, T., 2000, “Investigation of the Spanwise Transport of the Rotor-Stator Slot Flow in a Test Turbine,” ASME paper no. 2000-GT-0485.
Gallier, K. D., Lawless, P. B., and Fleeter, S., 2001, “Particle Image Velocimetry Characterization of Secondary Flow Effects in Turbine Stage Including the Effects of Unsteady Forcing Functions,” AIAA paper no. ISOABE-2001-1082.
McLean,  C., Camci,  G., and Glezer,  B., 2001, “Mainstream Aerodynamic Effects due to Wheelspace Coolant Injection in a High Pressure Turbine Stage. Part 1: Aerodynamic Measurements in the Stationary Frame. Part 2: Aerodynamic Measurements in the Rotational Frame,” ASME J. Turbomach., 123(4), pp. 687–696 and 697–703.
Girgis, S., Vlasic E., Lavoie, J.-P., and Moustapha, S. H., 2002, “The Effect of Secondary Air Injection on the Performance of a Transonic Turbine Stage,” ASME paper no. GT-2002-30340.
Roy, R. P., Xu, G., Feng, J., and Kang, S., 2001, “Pressure Field and Main-Stream Gas Ingestion in a Rotor-Stator Disk Cavity,” ASME Paper no. 2001-GT-0564.
Gentilhomme,  O., Hills,  N. J., Turner,  A. B., and Chew,  J. W., 2003, “Measurement and Analysis of Ingestion Through a Turbine Rim Seal,” ASME J. Turbomach., 125(3), pp. 505–512.
Sieverding, C. H., and Arts, T., 1992, “The VKI Compression Tube Annular Cascade Facility CT3,” ASME paper no. 92-GT-336.
Arnone, A., and Benvenuti, E., 1994, “Three-Dimensional Navier-Stokes Analysis of a Two-Stage Gas Turbine,” ASME paper no. 94-GT-88.
Cao, C., Chew, J. W., Millington, P. R., and Hogg, S. I., 2003, “Interaction of Rim Seal and Annulus Flows in an Axial Flow Turbine,” ASME paper no. GT2003-38368.
Michelassi, V., Giangiacomo, P., Martelli, F., Dénos, R., and Paniagua, G., 2001, “Steady Three-Dimensional Simulation of Transonic Axial Turbine Stage,” ASME Paper no. 2001-GT-0174.
Laumert, B., Mårtensson, H., and Fransson, T. H., 2000, “Investigation of the Flowfield in the Transonic VKI Brite Euram Turbine Stage With 3D Steady and Unsteady N-S Computations,” ASME paper no. 2000-GT-0433.
Martelli, F., Adami, P., and Belardini, E., 2001, “Heat Transfer Modelling in Gas Turbine Stage,” Presented at the RTO AVT Symposium on Advanced Flow Management, RTO-MP-069, SYB 33, pp. 1–17. Loen, Norway, May.
de la Calzada, P., and Fernández-Castañeda, J., 2003, “Investigation of Numerical and Physical Modelling Effects on the CFD Simulation of the Unsteady Flow in an HPT Stage,” ASME paper no. GT2003-38796.
Dénos, R., and Paniagua, G., 2002, “Influence of the Hub Endwall Cavity Flow on the Time-Averaged and Time-Resolved Aero-Thermics of an Axial HP Turbine Stage,” ASME paper no. GT-2002-30185.


Grahic Jump Location
Three-dimensional view of the turbine stage
Grahic Jump Location
Turbine stage cross section with the disk cooling setup
Grahic Jump Location
Three-dimensional view of the turbine stage grid: (a) blade-to-blade cut; (b) meridional plane cut, cavity upstream of the mixing plane; and (c) downstream
Grahic Jump Location
Time-averaged distribution of the pitch-wise static pressure at the vane exit hub
Grahic Jump Location
Flow field within the cavity: (a) Velocity vectors for −0.5% ingestion (at Stator pitch=1.1); (b) time averaged stream traces and static pressure contours across a vane pitch (at x/R0=0.0016); and (c) maximum and minimum static pressure as a function of the radius
Grahic Jump Location
Time-resolved static pressure outside of the cavity: (a) at the vane exit, gauge at stator pitch=0.9; (b) gauge 1 on the rotor platform; and (c) gauge 2
Grahic Jump Location
(a) Time-averaged stream traces and static pressure contours at the rotor platform; (b) measured static pressure
Grahic Jump Location
Time-averaged rotor static pressure distribution at 15% span
Grahic Jump Location
Isosurface of rothalpy (a- at Cp×353 K,b- at Cp×325 K) and contour plots of at the rotor trailing edge plane (c- for −0.5%, d- for +1.5%)
Grahic Jump Location
Time-resolved blade force at 15% of the span for −0.5% and +1.5%
Grahic Jump Location
Time-resolved axial force and torque on the rotor disk
Grahic Jump Location
Measured time-averaged total pressure contours at the turbine exit
Grahic Jump Location
Radial profiles pitch-wise averaged




Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In