Review of Centrifugal Compressor’s Application and Development

[+] Author and Article Information
Hartmut Krain

German Aerospace Center, Linder Hoehe, 51147 Cologne, Germany

J. Turbomach 127(1), 25-34 (Feb 09, 2005) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1791280 History: Received December 01, 2002; Revised March 01, 2003; Online February 09, 2005
Copyright © 2005 by ASME
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Heron’s steam rotor (about 60 A.D. 1)
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Radial blower for gas compression (Demag) 4
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Sketch of Elling’s first gas turbine design 5
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Frank Whittle (left) and Hans Joachim Pabst von Ohain, inventors of turbo-jet propulsion
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Assembly of Whittle’s W1 engine
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Rotor assembly of the Whittle’s W1 engine
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Von Ohain’s engine He S3B
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Honeywell shaft engine (formerly Garrett Engine Devision, TPE331-12U)
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Components of a centrifugal compressor stage
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“Cordier line” in the NsDs-diagram 8
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Conical diffuser performance map 12
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Model of impeller exit flow, Dean and Senoo 31
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Orientation of S1 and S2 surfaces according to Wu 35
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Q3D-solution: Calculated isobars p/pt1
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Calculated 3D-flow field for a transonic centrifugal impeller 4546
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Observer inside the shaft of a rotating centrifugal impeller
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Development of velocity pattern inside the rotor 63
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Principal of L2F-velocimetry
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Laser measured unsteady flow in the diffuser inlet region
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Secondary flow velocity vector plots for rotor exit 73




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