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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Unsteady Aerodynamic Blade Excitation at the Stability Limit and During Rotating Stall in an Axial Compressor

[+] Author and Article Information
Ronald Mailach

 Technische Universität Dresden, Institut für Strömungsmechanik, 01062 Dresden, Germanyronald.mailach@tu-dresden.de

Konrad Vogeler

 Technische Universität Dresden, Institut für Strömungsmechanik, 01062 Dresden, Germanykonrad.vogeler@tu-dresden.de

J. Turbomach 129(3), 503-511 (Jul 25, 2006) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2720486 History: Received July 18, 2006; Revised July 25, 2006

The stable operating range of axial compressors is limited by the onset of rotating stall and surge. These flow conditions endanger the reliability of operation and definitely have to be avoided in compressors of gas turbines. However, there is still a need to improve the physical understanding of these flow phenomena to prevent them while utilizing the maximum available working potential of the compressor. This paper discusses detailed experimental investigations of the rotating stall onset with the main emphasis on the aerodynamic blade excitation in the Dresden four-stage low-speed research compressor. The stall inception, which is triggered by modal waves, as well as the main flow features during rotating stall operation are discussed. To investigate the unsteady pressure distributions, both the rotor and the stator blades of the first stage were equipped with piezoresistive pressure transducers. Based on these measurements the unsteady blade pressure forces are calculated. Time-resolved results at the stability limit as well as during rotating stall are presented. For all operating conditions rotor–stator interactions play an important role on the blade force excitation. Furthermore the role of the inertia driven momentum exchange at the stall cell boundaries on the aerodynamic blade force excitation is pointed out.

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Copyright © 2007 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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Figures

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Figure 1

Sectional drawing of Dresden LSRC

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Figure 2

Rotor blade equipped with piezoresistive pressure transducers on PS and SS (view on PS)

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Figure 3

Force definitions in blade coordinate system

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Figure 4

Casing wall pressure within axial gaps up- and downstream of rotor 3

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Figure 5

Stator 1: profile pressures at 50% chord and blade pressure force parameters at the stability limit and during rotating stall (midspan, design speed)

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Figure 6

Rotor 1: profile pressures at 50% chord and blade pressure force parameters at the stability limit and during rotating stall (midspan, design speed)

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Figure 7

Frequency spectra of pressure force of stator and rotor blades during rotating stall (first stage, midspan, design speed)

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