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Research Papers

Effect of a Cutback Squealer and Cavity Depth on Film-Cooling Effectiveness on a Gas Turbine Blade Tip

[+] Author and Article Information
Shantanu Mhetras, Diganta Narzary, Zhihong Gao

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843-3123

Je-Chin Han

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843-3123jc-han@tamu.edu

J. Turbomach 130(2), 021002 (Feb 12, 2008) (13 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2776949 History: Received August 13, 2006; Revised April 07, 2007; Published February 12, 2008

Film-cooling effectiveness from shaped holes on the near tip pressure side and cylindrical holes on the squealer cavity floor is investigated. The pressure side squealer rim wall is cut near the trailing edge to allow the accumulated coolant in the cavity to escape and cool the tip trailing edge. Effects of varying blowing ratios and squealer cavity depth are also examined on film-cooling effectiveness. The film-cooling effectiveness distributions are measured on the blade tip, near tip pressure side and the inner pressure side and suction side rim walls using pressure sensitive paint technique. The internal coolant-supply passages of the squealer tipped blade are modeled similar to those in the GE-E3 rotor blade with two separate serpentine loops supplying coolant to the film-cooling holes. Two rows of cylindrical film-cooling holes are arranged offset to the suction side profile and along the camber line on the tip. Another row of shaped film-cooling holes is arranged along the pressure side just below the tip. The average blowing ratio of the cooling gas is controlled to be 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, and 2.0. A five-bladed linear cascade in a blow down facility with a tip gap clearance of 1.5% is used to perform the experiments. The free-stream Reynolds number, based on the axial chord length and the exit velocity, was 1,480,000 and the inlet and exit Mach numbers were 0.23 and 0.65, respectively. A blowing ratio of 1.0 is found to give best results on the pressure side, whereas the tip surfaces forming the squealer cavity give best results for M=2. Results show high film-cooling effectiveness magnitudes near the trailing edge of the blade tip due to coolant accumulation from upstream holes in the tip cavity. A squealer depth with a recess of 2.1mm causes the average effectiveness magnitudes to decrease slightly as compared to a squealer depth of 4.2mm.

Copyright © 2008 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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References

Figures

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Figure 1

Schematic of test section and blowdown facility

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Figure 2

Definition of blade tip and shroud

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Figure 3

Internal passage geometry of test blade

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Figure 4

Orientation of tip and PS holes

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Figure 5

Detailed geometry of a PS shaped hole

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Figure 6

Calibration curve for PSP

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Figure 7

Pressure ratio on tip

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Figure 8

Local M for tip holes for TP cases for 4.2% and 2.1% cavity depths

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Figure 9

Local M for PS holes for TP and P cases for 4.2% and 2.1% cavity depths

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Figure 10

Film-cooling effectiveness distribution on tip and near tip pressure sides for TP cases for a depth of 4.2%

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Figure 11

Film-cooling effectiveness distribution on tip and near tip pressure sides for TP cases for a depth of 2.1%

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Figure 12

Film-cooling effectiveness distribution on inner rim walls for PS and SS for TP cases for a depth of 4.2%

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Figure 13

Film-cooling effectiveness distribution on inner rim walls for PS and SS for TP cases for a depth of 2.1%

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Figure 14

Film-cooling effectiveness distribution on tip and near tip pressure sides for P cases for a depth of 4.2%

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Figure 15

Film-cooling effectiveness distribution on tip and near tip pressure sides for P cases for a depth of 2.1%

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Figure 16

Film-cooling effectiveness distribution on inner rim walls for PS and SS for P cases for a depth of 4.2%

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Figure 17

Film-cooling effectiveness distribution on inner rim walls for PS and SS for P cases for a depth of 2.1%

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Figure 18

Averaged film-cooling effectiveness for TP cases

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Figure 19

Averaged film-cooling effectiveness for P cases

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Figure 20

Area averaged film-cooling effectiveness

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