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Research Papers

Film-Cooling on a Gas Turbine Blade Pressure Side or Suction Side With Compound Angle Shaped Holes

[+] Author and Article Information
Zhihong Gao, Diganta P. Narzary

Turbine Heat Transfer Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843-3123

Je-Chin Han

Turbine Heat Transfer Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843-3123jc-han@tamu.edu

J. Turbomach 131(1), 011019 (Nov 10, 2008) (11 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2813012 History: Received July 05, 2007; Revised July 27, 2007; Published November 10, 2008

The film-cooling effectiveness on the surface of a high pressure turbine blade is measured using the pressure sensitive paint technique. Compound angle laidback fan-shaped holes are used to cool the blade surface with four rows on the pressure side and two rows on the suction side. The coolant injects to one side of the blade, either pressure side or suction side. The presence of wake due to the upstream vanes is simulated by placing a periodic set of rods upstream of the test blade. The wake rods can be clocked by changing their stationary positions to simulate progressing wakes. The effect of wakes is recorded at four phase locations along the pitchwise direction. The freestream Reynolds number, based on the axial chord length and the exit velocity, is 750,000. The inlet and exit Mach numbers are 0.27 and 0.44, respectively, resulting in a pressure ratio of 1.14. Five average blowing ratios ranging from 0.4 to 1.5 are tested. Results reveal that the tip-leakage vortices and endwall vortices sweep the coolant on the suction side to the midspan region. The compound angle laidback fan-shaped holes produce a good film coverage on the suction side except for the regions affected by the secondary vortices. Due to the concave surface, the coolant trace is short and the effectiveness level is low on the pressure surface. However, the pressure side acquires a relatively uniform film coverage with the multiple rows of cooling holes. The film-cooling effectiveness increases with the increasing average blowing ratio for either side of coolant ejection. The presence of stationary upstream wake results in lower film-cooling effectiveness on the blade surface. The compound angle shaped holes outperform the compound angle cylindrical holes by the elevated film-cooling effectiveness, particularly at higher blowing ratios.

Copyright © 2009 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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Figures

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Figure 1

Schematic of the cascade with film-cooled blade

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Figure 2

Film-cooled blades with compound angle laidback fan-shaped holes

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Figure 3

Wake rod phase locations and conceptual view of wake effect on the test blade

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Figure 4

Calibration curve for PSP. (a) PSP calibration at single reference temperature. (b) PSP calibration at corresponding reference temperature.

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Figure 5

Optical component setup

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Figure 6

Mach number distribution for the case of no wake

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Figure 7

Mach number distribution under the influence of upstream wake rods

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Figure 8

Film-cooling effectiveness distribution for varying blowing ratios for the case of no wake. (a) PS coolant ejection. (b) SS coolant ejection.

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Figure 9

Spanwise-averaged film-cooling effectiveness for the case of no wake. (a) PS coolant ejection. (b) SS coolant ejection.

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Figure 10

Comparison of spanwise-averaged film-cooling effectiveness for compound angle shaped holes (current study) and compound angle cylindrical holes (17). (a) PS coolant ejection. (b) SS coolant ejection.

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Figure 11

Film-cooling effectiveness distribution for M=0.9 at varying wake rod phases. (a) PS coolant ejection. (b) SS coolant ejection.

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Figure 12

Film-cooling effectiveness distribution for the PS coolant ejection at wake rod phase 0%

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Figure 13

Film-cooling effectiveness distribution for the SS coolant ejection at wake rod phase 25%

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Figure 14

Spanwise-averaged film-cooling effectiveness (effect of blowing ratio). (a) PS coolant ejection. (b) SS coolant ejection.

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Figure 15

Spanwise-averaged film-cooling effectiveness (effect of wake rod phase). (a) PS coolant ejection. (b) SS coolant ejection.

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