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Research Papers

Film Cooling Effect of Rotor-Stator Purge Flow on Endwall Heat/Mass Transfer

[+] Author and Article Information
M. Papa, V. Srinivasan, R. J. Goldstein

 University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455

J. Turbomach 134(4), 041014 (Jul 21, 2011) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.4003725 History: Received November 06, 2010; Revised November 28, 2010; Published July 21, 2011; Online July 21, 2011

Mass transfer measurements on the endwall and blade suction surfaces are performed in a five-blade linear cascade with a high-performance rotor blade profile. The effects of purge flow from the wheelspace cavity entering the hot gas path are simulated by injecting naphthalene-free and naphthalene-saturated air through a slot upstream of the blade row at 45 deg to the endwall, for a Reynolds number of 6×105 based on blade true chord and cascade exit velocity, and blowing ratios of 0.5, 1, and 1.5. Oil-dot visualization indicates that with injection, a recirculation region is set up upstream of the leading edge, and the growth of the passage vortex is altered. The coolant exiting from the slot is drawn to the suction side of the blade and is pushed up along the suction surface of the blade by the secondary flow. For blowing ratios of 0.5 and 1.0, only a little coolant reaches the pressure side in the aft part of the passage. However, at a blowing ratio of 1.5, there is a dramatic change in the flow structure. Both the oil-dot visualization and the cooling effectiveness maps indicate that at this blowing ratio, the coolant exiting the slot has sufficient momentum to closely follow the blade profile and is not significantly entrained into the passage vortex. As a result, high cooling effectiveness values are obtained at the pressure side of the endwall, well into the midchord and aft portions of the blade passage.

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Figures

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Figure 1

Sketch of blade cascade

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Figure 2

Coordinate system used for flow around the blade

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Figure 3

Sketch of injection system used for simulating purge flow, relative to blade location. Inset: Details of slot/endwall junction.

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Figure 4

Oil-dot visualization on the endwall surface for various blowing rates

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Figure 5

Sherwood number contours on the endwall for naphthalene-free air injection

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Figure 6

Sherwood number contours on the endwall for naphthalene-saturated air injection

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Figure 7

Film effectiveness contours on the endwall surface for various blowing ratios

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Figure 8

Axial variation of laterally averaged film effectiveness on the endwall for various blowing ratios

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Figure 9

Contours of net heat flux reduction on the endwall surface for various blowing ratios

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Figure 10

Sherwood number contours on the blade suction surface for naphthalene-free air injection

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Figure 11

Sherwood number contours on the blade suction surface for naphthalene-saturated air injection

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Figure 12

Film effectiveness contours on the blade suction surface for various blowing ratios

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