The understanding of the tip clearance flow in axial compressors is a key issue for developing new compressors with enhanced efficiency and reduced noise for instance. However, necessary flow measurements in the blade tip region and within the tip clearance are challenging due to the small gap width. The application of a novel optical measurement technique named Doppler global velocimetry with laser frequency modulation is presented, which provides velocity field measurements of all three velocity components nonintrusively in the tip clearance flow of a linear cascade at near stall conditions. These array measurements have a high temporal resolution enabling turbulence analysis such as the evaluation of velocity standard deviations and turbulence spectra up to several kilohertz. Conventional pneumatic and hot-wire measurements in planes at the inlet and the outlet as well as on the blade surface were taken to complete the flow pattern and validate the data of the Doppler global velocimetry. Wake measurements identified a strong flow separation in the rear suction side dominating the transient character of the cascade flow. Towards the endwall this high loss region is reduced by the clearance flow and the resulting vortex, which is obviously not affected by the profile separation and the pulsating blockage frequency. Inside the blade passage and the tip clearance the Doppler global velocimetry measurements allowed a spatial assignment of the origin of the tip leakage flow and the downstream developing vortex. In addition, the tip clearance vortex could be resolved and identified successfully as the most dominant turbulence generating effect in the near endwall region at this high loading operating point of the blading.