In the present paper, unsteady viscous flow analysis around turbine blade cascade using a high-order LES turbulence model is carried out to investigate the basic physical process involved in the pressure loss mechanism. This numerical analysis is assessed to the wind tunnel cascade test. Basically, all the physical phenomena occurring in nature are the effect of some cause, and the effect can somehow be measured. However, to understand the cause, detail information regarding the visualization of the phenomena, which are difficult to measure, are necessary. Therefore, in the present paper, firstly the computed results are compared with the measured data, which are the final outcome of the cause (of the phenomena under investigation), to verify whether our physics-based model could qualitatively predict the measured facts or not. It was found that the present model could well predict measured data. Therefore, the rest of the computed information, which were difficult to measure, were used to visualize the overall flow behavior for acquiring some knowledge of the physical process associated with the pressure loss mechanism. The present study led to an understanding that the interaction of the vortex generated on the suction and pressure surface of the blade and the secondary vortex generated on the end wall, downstream of the trailing edge, resulted in the formation of a large vortex structure in this region. This unsteady three-dimensional flow characteristic is expected to play an important role in the pressure loss mechanism.